Article 29 February 2024

Factors Influencing the Well-being of the Middle-aged Non-shift Female Workers: Using Secondary Data

Lee, Yeon Hwa · Yang, Youngran Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2024; 33: 1-11
Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing the well-being of middle-aged non-shift female workers using health-determinant models. Methods: This study analyzed data from the fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS), involving 5,449 participants. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was employed to examine the relationships between various factors and well-being. Results: The analysis identified key factors affecting well-being in middle-aged female non-shift workers...
Key Words: Middle aged; Well-being; Working women; Korean working conditions survey

Article 29 February 2024

Effects of a Compassion Improvement Program for Clinical Nurses on Compassion Competence and Empathic Communication

Jeong, In Ja · Park, Mi Kyung Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2024; 33: 12-25
Purpose: This quasi-experimental study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design with clinical nurses to develop a compassion improvement program and verify its effects on compassion competence and empathic communication. Methods: The Triandis Interpersonal Behavior model (Triandis, 1980) was used as a theoretical framework, and a compassion improvement program was developed based on the ADDIE model. The experimental treatment in the program was conducted for 120 minutes per se...
Key Words: Clinical nurses; Program; Compassion; Competence; Communication

Article 29 February 2024

Effect of Job Satisfaction, Organizational Culture, and Social Support on Intention Retention among General Hospital Nurses

Noh, Yoon Goo · Kwag, Su Young · Yoon et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2024; 33: 26-35
Purpose: This study aumed to identify the effects of job satisfaction, nursing organizational culture and social support on intention retention among general hospital nurses. Methods: The subjects were 254 nurses working in one general hospital. Data were collected from January 1 to 30, 2023. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. Results: (a) In this study, the mean value of job satisfaction was 3.07±0.4...
Key Words: Nurses; Job satisfaction; Organizational culture; Social support; Intention retention

Article 29 February 2024

Relationship between Caregiver’s Dementia Attitude and Care Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Compassion Competence

Oh, Young Ju · Jun, Young Hee Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2024; 33: 36-46
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate compassion competence and its mediating effects on the relationship between attitudes toward dementia and care behavior among caregivers of older adults with dementia in nursing homes. Methods: 211 participants were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Data were collected from February 1st to May 24th, 2023, through a structured questionnaire and analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis and the bootstrapping method. Results: The mean score ...
Key Words: Dementia; Attitude; Caregivers; Mediation analysis

February 29, 2024Current Issue Vol. 33 No. 1

    February, 2024 | Volume 33, No. 1
  • Article 2024-02-29

    Factors Influencing the Well-being of the Middle-aged Non-shift Female Workers: Using Secondary Data

    Lee, Yeon Hwa1 · Yang, Youngran2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing the well-being of middle-aged non-shift female workers using health-determinant models. Methods: This study analyzed data from the fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS), involving 5,449 participants. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was employed to examine the relationships between various factors and well-being. Results: The analysis identified key factors affecting well-being in middle-aged female non-shift workers, including supervisor support, presenteeism, satisfaction with the working environment, autonomy in working hours, support from coworkers, workplace discrimination, occupation, work-life balance, sleep problems, workplace size, weekly work hours, and sickness absence. This study confirms that the well-being of middle-aged non-shift female workers is influenced by factors at the individual, social, and community levels as well as by conditions related to love. Conclusion: To enhance the well-being of middle-aged female non-shift workers, it is essential to reinforce positive factors such as support from coworkers and superiors. Additionally, addressing and mitigating negatively influencing factors such as workplace discrimination and sleep problems is crucial in promoting well-being. By implementing measures to improve these aspects, organizations and policymakers can contribute to a healthier and more supportive work environment for middle-aged, non-shift female workers.

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  • Article 2024-02-29

    Effects of a Compassion Improvement Program for Clinical Nurses on Compassion Competence and Empathic Communication

    Jeong, In Ja1 · Park, Mi Kyung2

    Abstract : Purpose: This quasi-experimental study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design with clinical nurses to develop a compassion improvement program and verify its effects on compassion competence and empathic communication. Methods: The Triandis Interpersonal Behavior model (Triandis, 1980) was used as a theoretical framework, and a compassion improvement program was developed based on the ADDIE model. The experimental treatment in the program was conducted for 120 minutes per session, once a week, for a total of six sessions. The data collection and research period ranged from September 7 to November 16. It involved a pre-survey of measured variables, six sessions of experimental treatment, a post-survey, and a follow-up survey in sequence. The collected data were analyzed using the statistical program SPSS/WIN 25.0 and then based on a t-test and repeated measures ANOVA to verify the effectiveness of the program. Results: Clinical nurses participating in the compassion improvement program showed improved compassion competence (F=8.00, p=.001) due to the cultivation of insight, sensitivity, and communication skills. In addition, the improvement in attentive listening (F=3.32, p=.024) indicated that the program was partially effective in empathic communication. Conclusion: The compassion improvement program for clinical nurses, which was developed in this study, is expected to be useful in nursing practice. In other words, the compassion improvement program may contribute to creating a positive atmosphere in the workplace for nurses and an empathic relationship between nurses and healthcare recipients through improvement in the compassion competence of nurses. If the compassion improvement program is continuously implemented as a facilitating condition, it will greatly help prevent the turnover of clinical nurses, assist them in adapting to hospital life, and enhance the quality of nursing care.

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  • Article 2024-02-29

    Effect of Job Satisfaction, Organizational Culture, and Social Support on Intention Retention among General Hospital Nurses

    Noh, Yoon Goo1 · Kwag, Su Young2 · Yoon, Yeon Ok3 · Jeon, Bo Ram2 · Lee, Kyung Ran4 · Song, Yeon Hee5

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aumed to identify the effects of job satisfaction, nursing organizational culture and social support on intention retention among general hospital nurses. Methods: The subjects were 254 nurses working in one general hospital. Data were collected from January 1 to 30, 2023. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. Results: (a) In this study, the mean value of job satisfaction was 3.07±0.43, relation-oriented culture was 3.45±0.51, hierarchy-oriented culture was 3.39±0.49, task-oriented culture was 3.35±0.48, innovation-oriented culture was 3.00±0.46, social support was 3.75±0.49, and intention retention was 4.98±1.39. (b) Intention retention had a positive correlation with job satisfaction (r=.41, p

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  • Article 2024-02-29

    Relationship between Caregiver’s Dementia Attitude and Care Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Compassion Competence

    Oh, Young Ju · Jun, Young Hee

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to investigate compassion competence and its mediating effects on the relationship between attitudes toward dementia and care behavior among caregivers of older adults with dementia in nursing homes. Methods: 211 participants were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Data were collected from February 1st to May 24th, 2023, through a structured questionnaire and analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis and the bootstrapping method. Results: The mean score for care behavior was 3.67±0.97 (range 1~5). Caring behaviors were significantly associated with attitudes toward dementia (r=.76, p

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