Original Article 31 May 2021

The Influence of Workplace Violence Experience on Depression among Female Caregivers

Lee, Su Jeong · Kim, Jinsook Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 37-45
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of workplace violence experience on depression among female caregivers in Korea. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis of data from the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). The study sample consisted of 484 female caregivers. IBM SPSS 25.0 was used for complex sample analysis, which considered sampling the weights of variables. Based on the survey questions, we used complex sample cross-tabulation and the complex sample g...
Key Words: Caregivers; Workplace violence; Depression; Work engagement

Original Article 31 May 2021

Factors Influencing the Turnover Intention of COVID-19 Ward and General Ward Nurses in Public Hospitals

Bae, Jun-Hee · So, Aeyoung · Chang et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 46-56
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the factors influencing the turnover intention of nurses in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and general wards. Methods: Data were collected through a survey of 340 nurses at seven public hospitals in Gyeonggi Province from October 12 to October 30 in 2020. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The job demand stress of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 63.99±8.05 poin...
Key Words: COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease of 2019); Turnover intention; Nurses; Public hospital

Original Article 31 May 2021

Influence of Professional Self-concept, Ego-resilience, and Job Stress on Job Performance of Nurses who are Reemployed after Career Interruption

Kim, Young Eun · Lee, Yongmi Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 57-67
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the influence of professional self-concept, ego-resilience, and job stress on job performance in reemployed nurses after career interruption. Methods: The participants were 207 nurses who worked at hospitals with more than 100 beds located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Gangwon provinces. The nurses had experienced a career interruption of at least one year, and had less than five years of experience at the current workplace. The collected data were analy...
Key Words: Professional self-concept; Ego-resilience; Job stress; Job performance; Reemployed nurse

Original Article 31 May 2021

The Mediating Effects of Mindfulness and Growth Mindset on the Relationship between Occupational Stress and Happiness among Clinical Nurses

Park, Hyeji · Choi, Hyunkyung Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 68-77
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the mediating effects of mindfulness and growth mindset on the relationship between occupational stress and happiness among clinical nurses. Methods: The participants were 220 clinical nurses working in two hospitals in D city. Self-report questionnaires were used to collect the data, which were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, hierarchical multiple regression, and Sobel test. Results: Occupational stress...
Key Words: Happiness; Mindfulness; Nurse; Occupational stress

May 31, 2021Current Issue Vol. 30 No. 2

    May, 2021 | Volume 30, No. 2
  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    The Influence of Workplace Violence Experience on Depression among Female Caregivers

    Lee, Su Jeong · Kim, Jinsook

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of workplace violence experience on depression among female caregivers in Korea. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis of data from the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). The study sample consisted of 484 female caregivers. IBM SPSS 25.0 was used for complex sample analysis, which considered sampling the weights of variables. Based on the survey questions, we used complex sample cross-tabulation and the complex sample general linear model (CSGLM). Results: About 10.1% of female caregivers experienced workplace violence. The factors influencing workplace violence experience on depression were organizational justice (p=.048) and illness (p=.004). However, in cases with no violence, the influencing factors were psychological work environment (p=.001), work environment satisfaction (p=.024), and work engagement (p=.004). Conclusion: Caregivers are vulnerable to workplace violence. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a policies such as organizational justice, work environment satisfaction, and work engagement to improve the working environment.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    Factors Influencing the Turnover Intention of COVID-19 Ward and General Ward Nurses in Public Hospitals

    Bae, Jun-Hee · So, Aeyoung · Chang et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to determine the factors influencing the turnover intention of nurses in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and general wards. Methods: Data were collected through a survey of 340 nurses at seven public hospitals in Gyeonggi Province from October 12 to October 30 in 2020. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The job demand stress of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 63.99±8.05 points, which was lower than 65.77±7.35 points of nurses in general wards. The turnover intention of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 3.24±0.74 points, which was higher than the 3.06±0.67 points of those in general wards. The multiple regression analysis indicates that the factors affecting the turnover intention of the two groups (COVID-19 and general wards) were type of wards (β=-.15, p<.001), age (COVID-19 wards: β=-.37, p<.001, General wards: β=-.40, p<.001), job resource stress (COVID-19 wards: β=.52, p<.001, general indicates: β=.60, p<.001), and clinical experience in present wards (COVID-19: β=.13, p=.021). Conclusion: The results indicate that nurses who care for COVID-19 patients have higher turnover intentions than general nurses and suggests that a decrease in the job resource stress is vital for reducing nurse turnover intentions.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    Influence of Professional Self-concept, Ego-resilience, and Job Stress on Job Performance of Nurses who are Reemployed after Career Interruption

    Kim, Young Eun · Lee, Yongmi

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the influence of professional self-concept, ego-resilience, and job stress on job performance in reemployed nurses after career interruption. Methods: The participants were 207 nurses who worked at hospitals with more than 100 beds located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Gangwon provinces. The nurses had experienced a career interruption of at least one year, and had less than five years of experience at the current workplace. The collected data were analyzed utilizing SPSS 24.0 program and using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Results: The participants’ job performance, professional self-concepts, ego-resilience, and job stress showed significant positive correlations. It was found that the professional self-concept, ego-resilience, and job stress had an effect on the participant's job performance in order, and explained 51.3% of variance in job performance. Conclusion: To improve the job performance of career disconnected nurses, it is necessary to reinforce job stress control, professional selfconcept, and level of ego-resilience.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    The Mediating Effects of Mindfulness and Growth Mindset on the Relationship between Occupational Stress and Happiness among Clinical Nurses

    Park, Hyeji · Choi, Hyunkyung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the mediating effects of mindfulness and growth mindset on the relationship between occupational stress and happiness among clinical nurses. Methods: The participants were 220 clinical nurses working in two hospitals in D city. Self-report questionnaires were used to collect the data, which were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, hierarchical multiple regression, and Sobel test. Results: Occupational stress had significant negative correlations with happiness, mindfulness, and growth mindset. On the other hand, mindfulness and growth mindset had significant positive correlations with happiness. Meanwhile, partial mediating effects of mindfulness and growth mindset were found on the relationship between occupational stress and happiness. Conclusion: Mindfulness and growth mindset can play an important role in buffering the negative influence of occupational stress on the happiness of clinical nurses. Therefore, interventions that ease occupational stress and encourage mindfulness and growth mindset are recommended to increase happiness among clinical nurses.

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May, 2021
Vol.30 No.2

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524