Original Article 31 May 2022

Male Nurses’ Experiences of Workplace Gender Discrimination

Chang, Hyoung Eun · Woo, Chung Hee Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2022; 31: 43-56
Purpose: This study was conducted to explore male nurses’ experiences of gender discrimination at the workplace using qualitative research methods. Methods: Participants responded to a survey using an online link, and were asked to describe their overall experiences by responding to the question “Please freely describe your experiences of workplace gender discrimination”. The qualitative data collected from 118 participants were analyzed using Krippendorff’s technique. Data collection wa...
Key Words: Male nurses; Gender discrimination; Sexual harassment; Gender roles; Qualitative research

Original Article 31 May 2022

Experience of Violence and Hospital Violence Attitude according to Gender and Gender-Role Identity of Clinical Nurses

Kim, Ju Yeun · Cho, Jin-Young Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2022; 31: 57-65
Purpose: This study aims to examine differences in experiences of violence and hospital violence attitude according to gender and gender-role identity of clinical nurses. Methods: The quota sampling method, was used to select the research subjects. They were divided into two groups male and female nurses who worked for three general hospitals or higher level-hospitals in Incheon and Gyeongbuk. The data of 219 subjects was used for final analysis. The IBM SPSS 22.0 was used to analyze the data t-...
Key Words: Violence; Gender; Gender-role; Attitude

Original Article 31 May 2022

Nurses’ Organizational Silence in Hospitals: A Grounded Theoretical Approach

Yi, Kyunghee · You, Myoungsoon Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2022; 31: 66-76
Purpose: This study aimed to explore the constructs and context of hospital nurses’ organizational silence. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 nurses in small-middle general hospitals as well as big university hospitals. We then derived the key themes using grounded theory method. Results: Nine themes and 30 sub-themes were derived: “Willing to be recognized for performance rather than saying”, “Getting used to the hard-to-speak climate”, “Face the reality that does ...
Key Words: Nurses; Hospitals; Communication; Culture; Grounded theory

Original Article 31 May 2022

Effect of the Effort-Reward Imbalance and Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intention of Hospital Nurses

Kim, Eun-Young · Jung, Se-Young · Kim et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2022; 31: 77-85
Purpose: This study aimed to identify the influence of effort-reward imbalance and job satisfaction on turnover intention among hospital nurses. Methods: Data were collected from January 28 to February 10, 2022, from 237 nurses from five hospitals including clinics, general hospitals, and tertiary care hospitals located in B city. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, the Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regress...
Key Words: Personnel turnover; Reward; Job satisfaction; Nurses

Original Article 31 May 2022

Analysis of Factors Influencing the Intent to Stay among Military Hospital Nurses

Yoon, Sook Hee · Ahn, Hyo Jeong Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2022; 31: 86-94
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effects of grit, nursing work environment, and job esteem on the intent to stay among military hospital nurses. Methods: This study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. Data were collected from February 7 to 18, 2022 from 232 nurses working at four military hospitals under the Armed Forces Medical Command. The analysis was conducted using the SPSS/WIN 26.0 program, and descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson coefficient correlations, an...
Key Words: Nurse; Intention to stay; Environment; Occupations

Original Article 31 May 2022

Characteristics and Health Status of Outdoor Workers Exposed to High Temperature

Lee, Bokim Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2022; 31: 95-103
Purpose: This study aims to identify general, workplace, and health-related characteristics of outdoor workers exposed to high temperatures, and to compare the risk of disease according to outdoor high temperature exposure. Methods: This secondary analysis study used the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (2017) to identify 4,915 outdoor workers exposed to high temperatures. Results: Outdoor workers exposed to high temperatures were mostly male, elderly, less educated, and daily contract worke...
Key Words: Hot temperature; Worker; Health

May 31, 2022Current Issue Vol. 31 No. 2

    May, 2022 | Volume 31, No. 2
  • Original Article 2022-05-31

    Male Nurses’ Experiences of Workplace Gender Discrimination

    Chang, Hyoung Eun1 · Woo, Chung Hee2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to explore male nurses’ experiences of gender discrimination at the workplace using qualitative research methods. Methods: Participants responded to a survey using an online link, and were asked to describe their overall experiences by responding to the question “Please freely describe your experiences of workplace gender discrimination”. The qualitative data collected from 118 participants were analyzed using Krippendorff’s technique. Data collection was caried out from June 11, 2019, to August 3, 2020. Results: Eleven themes and 24 subthemes were extracted from a total of 277 meaningful statements. Male nurses’ experiences of workplace gender discrimination, reasons of gender discrimination, and improvement strategies were presented through the key themes. Conclusion: Male nurses experienced workplace gender discrimination from patients, colleagues, and institutions. Furthermore, strategies to improve gender stereotypes and to emphasize the strengths of male nurses are necessary in order to increase the number of male nurses in the female-dominant nursing field and to reduce job turnover. These strategies will help expand the social role of nurses as professionals and improve the work environment and benefits for all nurses.

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  • Original Article 2022-05-31

    Experience of Violence and Hospital Violence Attitude according to Gender and Gender-Role Identity of Clinical Nurses

    Kim, Ju Yeun1 · Cho, Jin-Young2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aims to examine differences in experiences of violence and hospital violence attitude according to gender and gender-role identity of clinical nurses. Methods: The quota sampling method, was used to select the research subjects. They were divided into two groups male and female nurses who worked for three general hospitals or higher level-hospitals in Incheon and Gyeongbuk. The data of 219 subjects was used for final analysis. The IBM SPSS 22.0 was used to analyze the data t-test and ANOVA. Results: According to gender, the hospital violence experience of female nurses was oserved frequently when the verbal violence came from guardians, and when the physical threats came from others. For male nurses, the experiences of hospital violence was obserbed. According to gender, the hospital violence attitude revealed significant differences in female nurses that the negative attitude was higher (t=-4.69, p<.001). According to gender-role identity, the undifferentiated and femininity showed significant differences (F=4.86 p=.003). Conclusion: The differentiated strategies of coping measures and violence preventive education considering the gender and gender-role identity of clinical nurses would help formulate measures for the effective management of hospital violence.

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  • Original Article 2022-05-31

    Nurses’ Organizational Silence in Hospitals: A Grounded Theoretical Approach

    Yi, Kyunghee1 · You, Myoungsoon2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to explore the constructs and context of hospital nurses’ organizational silence. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 nurses in small-middle general hospitals as well as big university hospitals. We then derived the key themes using grounded theory method. Results: Nine themes and 30 sub-themes were derived: “Willing to be recognized for performance rather than saying”, “Getting used to the hard-to-speak climate”, “Face the reality that does not change when said”, “Complicated situation that prevents self-regulating decision-making”, “Conflicts that are difficult to confront”, “Unfair responsibilities that I want to evade”, “Leaders who don’t support me”, and “Being blocked in communication”. Consequently, the nurses learned to adopt a climate of silence and “learned organizational silence” behavior. They experienced that prosocial silence was essential for obtaining approval as a member of the group, and defensive silence for protecting themselves in the hierarchical structure and unfair responsibilities. Acquiescent silence originated from a futile relationship with their supervisors, one-way communications, and the unsupportive management system, in which three types of silence appeared sequentially or in combination with each other. Conclusion: Based on these results, nursing managers should identify the context of nurses’ organizational silence and should lessen these silence behaviors.

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  • Original Article 2022-05-31

    Effect of the Effort-Reward Imbalance and Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intention of Hospital Nurses

    Kim, Eun-Young1 · Jung, Se-Young2 · Kim, Sun-Hee3

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the influence of effort-reward imbalance and job satisfaction on turnover intention among hospital nurses. Methods: Data were collected from January 28 to February 10, 2022, from 237 nurses from five hospitals including clinics, general hospitals, and tertiary care hospitals located in B city. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, the Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression analysis, using SPSS/WIN 26.0. Results: The average of the effort-reward ratio, an indicator of effort-reward imbalance, was 1.67±0.66, and 86.5% of the participants had a value of 1 or more. The mean job satisfaction and turnover intention were 3.32±0.48 and 3.69±0.89 on a 5-point scale, respectively. Multiple regression revealed that factors affecting turnover intention among hospital nurses included effort-reward imbalance (β=.30, p<.001) and job satisfaction (β=-.32, p<.001), and these variables explained 29.0% of turnover intention. Conclusion: These findings indicate that effort-reward imbalance and job satisfaction are associated with turnover intention. Therefore, to decrease the turnover intention of hospital nurses, interventions and policies should be prepared to resolve the nurse's effort-reward imbalance and increase job satisfaction at regional or national level hospitals.

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  • Original Article 2022-05-31

    Analysis of Factors Influencing the Intent to Stay among Military Hospital Nurses

    Yoon, Sook Hee1 · Ahn, Hyo Jeong2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effects of grit, nursing work environment, and job esteem on the intent to stay among military hospital nurses. Methods: This study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. Data were collected from February 7 to 18, 2022 from 232 nurses working at four military hospitals under the Armed Forces Medical Command. The analysis was conducted using the SPSS/WIN 26.0 program, and descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson coefficient correlations, and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: Factors affecting the intent to stay included job esteem (β=.44, p<.001), total clinical experience of more than 10 years (β=.24, p=.001), and nursing work environment (β=.17, p=.009). Conclusion: The results can be used to ensure personnel quality at military medical institutions and can contribute to improving patient safety and medical services. Further, nursing managers need to formulate and implement strategies to foster a positive nursing work environment.

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  • Original Article 2022-05-31

    Characteristics and Health Status of Outdoor Workers Exposed to High Temperature

    Lee, Bokim

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aims to identify general, workplace, and health-related characteristics of outdoor workers exposed to high temperatures, and to compare the risk of disease according to outdoor high temperature exposure. Methods: This secondary analysis study used the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (2017) to identify 4,915 outdoor workers exposed to high temperatures. Results: Outdoor workers exposed to high temperatures were mostly male, elderly, less educated, and daily contract workers. Most of them were engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing, and construction industries. About 40~50% of them complained of musculoskeletal pain and overall fatigue. The results showed that high temperature exposure increased the risk of illness (hearing problem, skin problem, backache, muscular pains in upper and lower limbs, headache/ eyestrain, injuries, depression, and overall fatigue) among workers. Conclusion: High temperature exposure might increase the risk of illness among workers. The results of this study demonstrated that the outdoor workers should be protected from high temperatures.

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May, 2022
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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524