Article 30 November 2021

Effects of Customer Violence Experiences, Protection Systems, and Monitoring Systems on the Subjective Health Status of Workers: Focusing on Salespersons and Electronic Machine Repairers

Jung, Myung-Hee · Lee, Bokim · Beak et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 145-155
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of customer violence experiences, protection systems, and monitoring systems on the subjective health status of salespersons and electronic machine repairers. Methods: A total of 934 persons were sampled nationwide, including 582 salespersons and 352 electronic machine repairers, from March 2~30, 2020 and asked to fill out a self-reported questionnaire. Results: The findings show that electronic machine repairers were more exposed to ...
Key Words: Salesperson, Electronic machine repairer; Subjective health status; Violence experiences; Protection systems

Article 30 November 2021

A Positive Image of Nurses as Perceived by New Nurses: Applying Q-Methodology

Choi, Eun Young · Park, Sun Jung · Lee et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 156-166
Purpose: This study verified the characteristics and types of perceptions and attitudes toward a positive image of nurses, as perceived by new nurses, by applying Q-methodology. Methods: Participants were 37 new nurses serving at tertiary hospitals accommodating over 300 beds. Data were collected from April 1~30, 2021. Results: A positive image of nurses was categorized into four types: professional leadership, skilled empathy, experienced responsiveness, and cooperative sincerity. It is believe...
Key Words: Nurses; Image; Recognition

Article 30 November 2021

Effects of Job Stress and Teaching Efficacy on Organizational Commitment of Nursing Professors

Jun, Younghee, Cho et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 167-174
Purpose: This study aimed to identify how job stress and teaching efficacy impacted organizational commitment. Methods: Data were collected from 158 nursing professors via an online survey, from Jan to June 2019. Results: The study found that four factors affected the organizational commitment of nursing professors: i) type of nursing institution in which they are currently employed (β=-.16, p=.030), ii) position as an assistant professor (β=-.37, p=.012) and an associate professor (β=-.44, p...
Key Words: Work; Stress; Self-efficacy; Organizational commitment

Article 30 November 2021

The Influence of Care Stress for Older Patients, Self-perceptions of Aging, Aging Anxiety on Retirement Preparation in Nurses

Kang, Sujin · Yeom, Hye-Ah Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 175-185
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of care stress for older patients, self-perceptions of aging, and anxiety about aging on preparation for retirement in clinical nurses. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which participants were 222 nurses who had at least six months of work experience and were involved in caring for older patients in the last six months at the work site. Data were collected from August to September, 2020 using an online survey...
Key Words: Nurses; Geriatric Nursing; Anxiety; Retirement

Article 30 November 2021

Characteristics of Industrial Accident Deaths by Year and Industry

Jung, Hye-Sun · Kwak, Su-Jin · Kwon et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 186-195
Purpose: The current status and rationale of industrial accidents needs to be examined to develop scientific and systemic preventive measures. Methods: The aim of this study is to analyze the current data on industrial accidents provided by the Ministry of Employment and Labor and categorize work-related deaths by types of industries and annual report. Results: First, the highest number of deaths occurred in industries that had less than 50 people. Second, in the manufacturing industry, the high...
Key Words: Industrial accident; Accident death

Article 30 November 2021

Factors Influencing Health-Promoting Behaviors among Fish Market Merchants

Lee, Eun Joo, Yang et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 196-205
Purpose: This study aimed to identify the factors influencing health-promoting behaviors (HPB) among fish market merchants. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design including 117 merchants working at a fish market in city C. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires during April 19-30, 2021, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé’s test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 23.0. Result...
Key Words: Health promotion; Health behavior; Market

Article 30 November 2021

Impact of Anger Expression Style and Occupational Stress on the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Middle-aged Male Workers

Lee, Youn Hyang · Lee, Ga Eon · Jun et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 206-215
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting cardiovascular disease in middle-aged male workers. Methods: The participants were 137 male office workers over 40 years old and under 60 years old working in small- and medium-sized workplaces from three southern provinces of Korea. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires and health screening reports from the 2014 National Health Examination. The influencing factors included general characteristics of participants, ...
Key Words: Cardiovascular disease; Risk factors; Employment; Anger; Occupational stress

Article 30 November 2021

Effects of the Gymnastics Program on Body Composition and Fatigue of Workers in Manufacturing

Jung, Eunsook · Kim, Taeyeon · Kim Jinyeon Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 216-223
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a gymnastics program for eight weeks to maintain better body composition and decrease fatigue among factory workers. Methods: Data were collected in 54 female workers in their 50s and 60s in a factory located in the S city of the K region between April and July in 2019. The subjects were divided into two groups: 1) experimental group (n=27) received a 30 minute-gymnastics program three times per week, and 2) control group participated in lecture series about th...
Key Words: Factory workers; Gymnastics program; Body composition; Fatigue

Article 30 November 2021

Psychosocial Working Environment and Mental Health of Financial Clerks

Lee, Bokim · Lee, Joohyun Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 224-231
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the psychosocial working environment and mental health of financial workers, and analyze the impact of the former on the latter. Methods: Data of 257 financial clerks were extracted from the 2017 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey. Psychosocial working environment was divided into five fields: demands at work, work organizations, interpersonal relations, workplace violence, and working hour quality. Mental health included sleeping problems, ps...
Key Words: Psychosocial factors; Environmental exposure; Mental health

Article 30 November 2021

Occupational Status and Job Stress of Visiting Nurses for Public Health Services in Some Areas of the Capital During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Kim, Hee-Gerl · Lee, Ryoun-Sook · Her et al. Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021; 30: 232-242
Purpose: This study investigated the occupational status and job stress of visiting nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Participants were 151 visiting nurses working in the public health services in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The study was conducted using a structured online questionnaire. Results: The average age of the visiting nurses was 49.5 years. A occupational period was 38.4% of the participants had worked for a period of 6-10 years and 34.5% of them had worked for a period of 11 y...
Key Words: Visiting nurse; COVID-19; Occupational status; Job stress

November 30, 2021Current Issue Vol. 30 No. 4

    November, 2021 | Volume 30, No. 4
  • Article 2021-11-30

    Effects of Customer Violence Experiences, Protection Systems, and Monitoring Systems on the Subjective Health Status of Workers: Focusing on Salespersons and Electronic Machine Repairers

    Jung, Myung-Hee · Lee, Bokim · Beak et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of customer violence experiences, protection systems, and monitoring systems on the subjective health status of salespersons and electronic machine repairers. Methods: A total of 934 persons were sampled nationwide, including 582 salespersons and 352 electronic machine repairers, from March 2~30, 2020 and asked to fill out a self-reported questionnaire. Results: The findings show that electronic machine repairers were more exposed to customer violence and had a weaker protection system than salespersons. They also experienced severe control from management through a monitoring system. The regression analysis revealed that verbal violence had a negative impact on the subjective health status of electronic machine repairers (p=.021). A worker protection system had significant effects on the improved subjective health status of salespersons (p=.009). Depression and fatigue had negative impacts on the subjective health status of both salespersons (depression: p<.001, fatigue: p<.001) and electronic machine repairers (depression: p<.001, fatigue: p=.002). Conclusion: These findings put a greater emphasis on the need for worker protection systems to prevent workplace violence and a health promotion program to manage depression and fatigue in workplaces.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    A Positive Image of Nurses as Perceived by New Nurses: Applying Q-Methodology

    Choi, Eun Young · Park, Sun Jung · Lee et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: This study verified the characteristics and types of perceptions and attitudes toward a positive image of nurses, as perceived by new nurses, by applying Q-methodology. Methods: Participants were 37 new nurses serving at tertiary hospitals accommodating over 300 beds. Data were collected from April 1~30, 2021. Results: A positive image of nurses was categorized into four types: professional leadership, skilled empathy, experienced responsiveness, and cooperative sincerity. It is believed that this study will help establish a professional view of nurses by verifying the positive image of new nurses, who are likely to lead the future. Conclusion: Furthermore, by reducing the turnover of new nurses and increasing their job satisfaction, it would be possible to secure professional nursing personnel and the public's perception of good nurses, thereby contributing to the enhanced social status of nurses.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Effects of Job Stress and Teaching Efficacy on Organizational Commitment of Nursing Professors

    Jun, Younghee, Cho et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify how job stress and teaching efficacy impacted organizational commitment. Methods: Data were collected from 158 nursing professors via an online survey, from Jan to June 2019. Results: The study found that four factors affected the organizational commitment of nursing professors: i) type of nursing institution in which they are currently employed (β=-.16, p=.030), ii) position as an assistant professor (β=-.37, p=.012) and an associate professor (β=-.44, p=.002), iii) salary in the 50-59 million won range (β=.20, p=.024), and above 60 million won (β=.41, p<.001), and iv) professor’s teaching efficacy (β=-.18, p<.016). Conclusion: To increase the organizational commitment of four-year university professors, job characteristics should be considered. In the case of lower positions and salaries, additional compensation and programs that increase school affiliation should be introduced. Teaching methods training, lecture evaluation monitoring programs, and clinical training may also improve teaching efficacy.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    The Influence of Care Stress for Older Patients, Self-perceptions of Aging, Aging Anxiety on Retirement Preparation in Nurses

    Kang, Sujin · Yeom, Hye-Ah

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of care stress for older patients, self-perceptions of aging, and anxiety about aging on preparation for retirement in clinical nurses. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which participants were 222 nurses who had at least six months of work experience and were involved in caring for older patients in the last six months at the work site. Data were collected from August to September, 2020 using an online survey questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. Results: The mean level of preparation for retirement in the participants was moderate (3.21 out of 5 points). Among the sub-domains of preparation for retirement, financial preparation had the lowest score. Self-perceptions of aging and aging anxiety were significant predictors for retirement preparation in nurses, accounting for 16% of the variable’s total variance. Conclusion: A greater level of preparation for retirement was associated with a positive perception of aging and a decreased level of aging anxiety in the clinical nurses. Further research should focus on exploration of specific determinants of financial preparation for retirement and development of intervention strategies for improving preparation for retirement in the nursing workforce.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Characteristics of Industrial Accident Deaths by Year and Industry

    Jung, Hye-Sun · Kwak, Su-Jin · Kwon et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: The current status and rationale of industrial accidents needs to be examined to develop scientific and systemic preventive measures. Methods: The aim of this study is to analyze the current data on industrial accidents provided by the Ministry of Employment and Labor and categorize work-related deaths by types of industries and annual report. Results: First, the highest number of deaths occurred in industries that had less than 50 people. Second, in the manufacturing industry, the highest death rate was found in workers in the age group 50-59 years. In the construction industry, workers aged 50 and above had the highest number of deaths. In other industries, workers aged 60 and above had the highest number of deaths. Third, the highest number of deaths occurred in workers with less than one year of experience in any industry Fourth, in most industries, the highest work-related deaths occurred during weekdays (Monday~Friday). In 2015, the warehouse delivery industry had 33% higher work-related deaths on the weekends (Saturday and Sunday) as compared to other industries. Fifth, in most industries, the highest work-related deaths occurred from 8 AM to 6 PM. The warehouse delivery industry had higher work-related deaths from 10 PM to 8 AM as compared to other industries. Conclusion: In order to increase the efficacy of industrial accident prevention, it is necessary to establish an effective health management system and apply strict safety management activities.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Factors Influencing Health-Promoting Behaviors among Fish Market Merchants

    Lee, Eun Joo, Yang et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the factors influencing health-promoting behaviors (HPB) among fish market merchants. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design including 117 merchants working at a fish market in city C. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires during April 19-30, 2021, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé’s test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results: The scores were 2.68±0.49 for HPB among fish market merchants. Factors significantly influencing HPB among fish market merchants were perceived disabilities (β= -.42, p<.001), self-efficacy (β=.26, p<.001), perceived benefits (β=.16, p=.012), exercise (β=.14, p=.023) and daily working hours (β=-.13, p=.030). These factors accounted for 60.3% of the HPB of fish market merchants. Conclusion: These findings suggest that efforts are needed to reduce perceived disabilities, reduce working hours per day, and develop programs to enhance self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and exercise in order promote HPB among fish market merchants.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Impact of Anger Expression Style and Occupational Stress on the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Middle-aged Male Workers

    Lee, Youn Hyang · Lee, Ga Eon · Jun et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting cardiovascular disease in middle-aged male workers. Methods: The participants were 137 male office workers over 40 years old and under 60 years old working in small- and medium-sized workplaces from three southern provinces of Korea. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires and health screening reports from the 2014 National Health Examination. The influencing factors included general characteristics of participants, anger expression style, and occupational stress. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis with SPSS 22.0. Results: The mean score of risk of cardiovascular disease was 6.73±4.69 and there were significant differences in exercise (t=2.13, p=.035) working time (t=-2.15, p=.034). Logistic regression analysis showed that, when adjusted for exercise and working time, the probability of becoming under a cardiovascular disease risk was 21% higher for those who anger-in (OR=1.21, 95% CI=1.02~1.44, p=.027) and 12% higher for those perceived occupational stress (OR= 1.12, 95% CI=1.01~1.24, p=.030). Conclusion: The results suggest developing the strategies for middle-aged male workers to encourage exercise and to decrease occupational stress, as well as an appropriate anger expression style to improve holistic aspect of health considering their demographic characteristics.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Effects of the Gymnastics Program on Body Composition and Fatigue of Workers in Manufacturing

    Jung, Eunsook · Kim, Taeyeon · Kim Jinyeon

    Abstract : Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a gymnastics program for eight weeks to maintain better body composition and decrease fatigue among factory workers. Methods: Data were collected in 54 female workers in their 50s and 60s in a factory located in the S city of the K region between April and July in 2019. The subjects were divided into two groups: 1) experimental group (n=27) received a 30 minute-gymnastics program three times per week, and 2) control group participated in lecture series about the principle and effect of the gymnastics program. Body composition and fatigue levels were measured before and after the intervention and analyzed using the SPSS 23.0 program. To evaluate the differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between the experimental and control groups, the chi-squared test and the t-test were used. Repeated measures two-way ANOVA was performed to evaluate the change between outcomes of the pre-and post-investigation. Pairwise comparisons were used to assess the differences between the groups and the time. Results: There are statistically significant differences in body fat mass (p<.001), body fat percentage (p<.001), basal metabolic rate (p<.001), and body mass index (p<.022) in the experimental group compared to the control group. In particular, there is a significant interaction between the groups and the time in body fat mass (F=6.308, p=.015), basal metabolic rate (F=11.397, p=.001), fatigue (F=6.933, p=.011). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that using the gymnastics program helps women in their 50s and 60s who work in factories promote better body composition and reduce fatigue levels.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Psychosocial Working Environment and Mental Health of Financial Clerks

    Lee, Bokim · Lee, Joohyun

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the psychosocial working environment and mental health of financial workers, and analyze the impact of the former on the latter. Methods: Data of 257 financial clerks were extracted from the 2017 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey. Psychosocial working environment was divided into five fields: demands at work, work organizations, interpersonal relations, workplace violence, and working hour quality. Mental health included sleeping problems, psychological well-being, and job stress. Results: A total of 6.1% subjects reported sleep problems, 28.2% experienced poor psychological well-being, and 39.6% had job stress. More than half the subjects were exposed to tight deadlines, complex tasks, hiding feelings at work, fair treatment, fair distribution of work, colleagues’ support, and managers’ support. Tight deadlines, workplace violence, long working hours, hiding feelings at work, and managers’ support had a significant impact on the mental health of financial clerks. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, we propose that employers, workers, and health managers in the financial industry should work together to establish a respectful organizational culture, prevent long working hours through recruitment, and conduct programs to protect emotional health.

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  • Article 2021-11-30

    Occupational Status and Job Stress of Visiting Nurses for Public Health Services in Some Areas of the Capital During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Kim, Hee-Gerl · Lee, Ryoun-Sook · Her et al.

    Abstract : Purpose: This study investigated the occupational status and job stress of visiting nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Participants were 151 visiting nurses working in the public health services in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The study was conducted using a structured online questionnaire. Results: The average age of the visiting nurses was 49.5 years. A occupational period was 38.4% of the participants had worked for a period of 6-10 years and 34.5% of them had worked for a period of 11 years or more. In terms of employment type, 74.8% had permanent contracts and 13.9% had fixed terms. 93.4% of nurses were working on COVID-19-related work; and 57.6% of them were working more than 50% of their work. Each visiting nurse provided health services for a total of 436.4 cases on average and the per day count was 14.3 cases. The service was provided through home visits or phone consultations. The results of the job stress were relationship conflict (60.92±20.72), job demand (59.05±14.10), job autonomy (57.83±14.63), job instability (45.25±27.37), organizational system (44.97±17.21), workplace culture (42.71±18.00), and inadequate compensation (35.29±18.14). There was a significant difference in job stress according to the proportion of COVID-19 work was ‘workplace culture’ (p=.023), Job autonomy (p=.053) and Inappropriate compensation(p=.054). Conclusion: In order to provide a stable working environment for visiting nurses and effective public visiting health services during unexpected circumstances, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, it is necessary to promote progressive policies and systemic improvements.

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November, 2021
Vol.30 No.4

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524