Article

Home All Articles View

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2016; 25(1): 41-54

Published online February 29, 2016 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2016.25.1.41

Copyright © The Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.

A Systematic Review of Interventions for Workers with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Using an Ecological Model

Hwang, Won Ju1 · Park, Yunhee2 · Kim, Jin Ah3

1College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, East-west Nursing Research Institute, Seoul
2College of Nursing, Youngdong University, Yeongdong
3College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence to:Kim, Jin Ah
College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyunghee-daero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02447, Korea.
Tel: +82-2-961-0852, Fax: +82-2-961-9398, E-mail: kimja@khu.ac.kr

Received: January 10, 2016; Revised: February 2, 2016; Accepted: February 21, 2016

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to review the research trends and to identify developmental direction of studies on community interventions according to the ecological model for workers with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors. Methods: Electronic databases including PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library and the reference lists of articles were searched. All articles were assessed in relation to inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulting in 29 researches being reviewed. Each review was critically appraised by two authors using a guideline of PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses). Results: Nowadays, interventions in organizational level, integrated and web-based interventions are increasing to prevent CVD risk factors for workers. Even though the importance of psychosocial aspects to prevent CVD, the only 2 studies included psychosocial factors in the outcome variables. Also, 14% among 29 researches were based on theories. Conclusion: Psychosocial factors such as job stress, depression, and emotional labor could be CVD risk factors. Therefore, interventions including psychosocial aspects are needed to prevent workers’ CVD risks more effectively. Theory-based interventions are needed to support interventions’ effects and to develop the nursing science.

Keywords: Review, Cardiovascular disease, Interventions, Workers

Article

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2016; 25(1): 41-54

Published online February 29, 2016 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2016.25.1.41

Copyright © The Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.

A Systematic Review of Interventions for Workers with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Using an Ecological Model

Hwang, Won Ju1 · Park, Yunhee2 · Kim, Jin Ah3

1College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, East-west Nursing Research Institute, Seoul
2College of Nursing, Youngdong University, Yeongdong
3College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence to:Kim, Jin Ah
College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyunghee-daero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02447, Korea.
Tel: +82-2-961-0852, Fax: +82-2-961-9398, E-mail: kimja@khu.ac.kr

Received: January 10, 2016; Revised: February 2, 2016; Accepted: February 21, 2016

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to review the research trends and to identify developmental direction of studies on community interventions according to the ecological model for workers with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors. Methods: Electronic databases including PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library and the reference lists of articles were searched. All articles were assessed in relation to inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulting in 29 researches being reviewed. Each review was critically appraised by two authors using a guideline of PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses). Results: Nowadays, interventions in organizational level, integrated and web-based interventions are increasing to prevent CVD risk factors for workers. Even though the importance of psychosocial aspects to prevent CVD, the only 2 studies included psychosocial factors in the outcome variables. Also, 14% among 29 researches were based on theories. Conclusion: Psychosocial factors such as job stress, depression, and emotional labor could be CVD risk factors. Therefore, interventions including psychosocial aspects are needed to prevent workers’ CVD risks more effectively. Theory-based interventions are needed to support interventions’ effects and to develop the nursing science.

Keywords: Review, Cardiovascular disease, Interventions, Workers