Table. 1.

Differences in Reality Shock according to the Participants' General Characteristics (N=153)

Characteristics Categories n (%) or M±SD Reality shock t or F (p) Scheffé
M±SD

Age (year)

<24

≥24

92 (60.1)

61 (39.2)

23.6±1.48

2.9±0.61

2.8±0.60

2.70 (.008)

Gender

M

F

10 (6.5)

143 (93.5)

2.3±0.53

2.9±0.59

3.42 (.001)

Clinical career (month)

≤3

4~6

7~9

10~12

37 (24.2)

58 (37.9)

27 (17.6)

31 (20.3)

6.0±3.35

2.9±0.62

2.9±0.57

2.8±0.67

3.0±0.63

0.49 (.693)

Pre-education period (week)

≤6

>6

92 (60.1)

61 (39.9)

7.8±4.71

2.9±0.52

2.9±0.72

0.44 (.659)

Monthly income (10,000 won)

150~200

201~250

135 (88.2)

18 (11.8)

2.9±0.61

2.6±0.52

2.09 (.039)

Work unit

Medical

Surgical

Special part

OPD

54 (35.3)

25 (16.3)

69 (45.1)

5 (3.3)

2.9±0.53

2.8±0.50

2.9±0.71

2.7±0.34

0.19 (.906)

Desired unit

Yes

No

56 (36.6)

97 (63.4)

2.7±0.60

3.0±0.59

2.82 (.005)

Day off when they chooses

Yes

No

117 (76.5)

36 (23.5)

2.8±0.59

3.2±0.58

3.70 (<.001)

Practical experience in this hospital

Yes

No

98 (64.1)

55 (35.9)

2.9±0.57

2.9±0.67

0.16 (.875)

Practical education

Dissatisfactiona

Moderateb

Satisfactionc

5 (3.3)

23 (15.0)

125 (81.7)

3.6±0.83

3.2±0.58

2.8±0.57

8.11 (<.001)

a>c

Number of patients per RN

1~5

6~10

11~15

16~20

53 (34.6)

40 (26.1)

56 (36.6)

4 (2.6)

2.9±0.67

2.8±0.66

2.9±0.53

3.0±0.45

0.34 (.796)

M=mean; SD=standard deviation; Special part; DR=delivery room; ER=emergency room; ICU=intensive care unit; NICU=neonatal intensive care unit; NR=neonatal room; OR=operating room; REC=recovery room; OPD=outpatient clinic.

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2024;33:55~63 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2024.33.2.55
© Korean J Occup Health Nurs