Table. 4.

Effects of Psychosocial Working Environment on the Mental Health

Variables Categories Sleep problem Poor psychological well-being Job stress
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Demands at work Tight deadlines (ref.=no) 7.61 (1.48~39.03) 0.85 (0.36~2.01) 1.35 (0.64~2.86)
Complex tasks (ref.=no) 0.40 (0.08~2.06) 1.48 (0.62~3.51) 0.74 (0.36~1.55)
Hiding feelings at work (ref.=no) 0.76 (0.21~2.76) 0.61 (0.29~1.27) 3.78 (1.93~7.40)
Handling angry clients (ref.=no) 0.21 (0.03~1.44) 1.27 (0.56~2.87) 0.48 (0.22~1.05)
Work organization Participation in work improvement (ref.=yes) 0.30 (0.06~1.59) 0.89 (0.39~2.06) 0.37 (0.15~0.94)
Participation in decision making (ref.=yes) 1.16 (0.33~4.06) 1.50 (0.65~3.44) 0.27 (0.12~0.60)
Fair treatment (ref.=yes) 1.18 (0.20~6.93) 1.07 (0.48~2.39) 0.93 (0.41~2.08)
Fair distribution of work (ref.=yes) 2.98 (0.49~18.19) 1.96 (0.88~4.37) 1.13 (0.55~2.34)
Supportive social environment Colleagues' support (ref.=yes) 3.08 (0.70~13.50) 1.42 (0.49~4.15) 1.02 (0.42~2.53)
Managers' support (ref.=yes) 0.52 (0.16~1.66) 1.73 (0.69~4.35) 2.61 (1.08~6.32)
Workplace violence Experience of workplace violence (ref.=no) 15.91 (2.20~115.16) 1.70 (0.48~6.01) 4.26 (0.88~20.69)
Working hour quality Long working hours (ref.=no) 2.91 (0.53~16.05) 3.42 (1.49~7.84) 2.21 (0.96~5.08)
Free rest while working (ref.=yes) 0.11 (0.01~1.34) 0.96 (0.39~2.38) 1.70 (0.69~4.22)

Note. With adjustment for gender and age.

ref.=reference; AOR=Adjusted odds ratio; CI=confidence interval.

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2021;30:224~231 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2021.30.4.224
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