Table. 2.

Physical Working Environments of Delivery Workers by Employment Type

Characteristic Categories Employment type

Special types Wage x2 or P (p)


n (%) n (%)
Total 42 (100.0) 41 (100.0)
Noise so loud that you would have to raise your voice to talk to people Less than a quarter of the time 32 (76.2) 28 (68.3) 0.6
A quarter of the time or more 10 (23.8) 13 (31.7) -0.422
Vibrations from hand tools, machinery Less than a quarter of the time 36 (85.7) 27 (65.9) 4.5
A quarter of the time or more 6 (14.3) 14 (34.1) -0.034
Tiring or painful positions Less than a quarter of the time 12 (28.6) 9 (22.0) 0.5
A quarter of the time or more 30 (71.4) 32 (78.0) -0.488
Carrying or moving heavy loads Less than a quarter of the time 3 (7.1) 1 (2.4) 0.3
A quarter of the time or more 39 (92.9) 40 (97.6) (.616)
Repetitive hand or arm movements A quarter of the time or more 17 (40.5) 7 (17.1) 8.8
1/4 to 3/4 of the time 8 (19.0) 19 (46.3) -0.013
All or most of the time 17 (40.5) 15 (36.6)

Fisher's exact test.

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2020;29:316~324 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2020.29.4.316
© Korean J Occup Health Nurs