Table. 1.

Examples of Hazards and Risks in areas of Women's Work

Work area Risk factors and health problems include

Biological Physical Chemical Psychosocial
Light' manufacturing Repetitive movements-e.g. in assembly work, awkward postures, manual handling Chemicals in microelectronics Stress associated with repetitive assembly line work
Textiles and clothing Organic dusts Noise, repetitive movements and awkward postures, needle injuries Dyes and other chemicals, including formaldehyde in permanent presses and stain removal solvents, dust Stress associated with repetitive assembley line work
Food production Infectious diseases-e.g. animal borne and from mould, spores, organic dusts Repetitive movements-e.g. in packing jobs or slaughter houses, knife wounds, cold temperatures, noise Pesticide residues, sterilising agents, sensitising spices and additives Stress associated with repetitive assembly line work
Call centres Voice problems associated with talking, awkward postures, excessive sitting Poor indoor air quality Stress associated with dealing with clients, pace of work and repetitive work
Catering and restaurant work Dermatitis Manual handling, repetitive chopping, cuts from knives, burns, slips and falls, heat, cleaning agents Passive smoking, cleaning agents Stress from hectic work, dealing with the public, violence and harassment
Laundries Infected line-e.g. in hospitals Manual handling and strenuous postures, heat Dry-cleaning solvents Stress associated with repetitive and fast pace work
Hairdressing Strenuous postures, repetitive movements, prolonged standing, wet hands, cuts Chemical spray, dyes, etc Stress associated with dealing with clients, fast pace work
Cleaning Infectious diseases; dermatitis Manual handling, strenuous postures, slips and falls, wet hands Cleaning agents Unsocial hours, violence, e.g. if working in isolation or late
Healthcare Infectious diseases- bloodborne, respiratory, etc Manual handling and strenuous postures; ionising radiation Cleaning, sterilising and disinfecting agents; drugs; anaesthetic gases Emotionally demanding work, shift and night work, violence from clients and the public
Education Infectious diseases-e.g. respiratory, measles Prolonged standing, voice problems Poor indoor air quality Emotionally demanding work, violence
Clerical work Repetitive movements, awkward postures, back pain from sitting Poor indoor air quality, photocopier fumes Stress, e.g. associated with lack of control over work, frequent interruptions, monotonous work
Agriculrue Infectious diseases-e.g. animal borne and from mould, Manual handling, strenuous postures, unsuitable work equipment and protective clothing, hot, cold, wet conditions Pesticies

Source: EUOSHA (2003).

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2020;29:235~246
© Korean J Occup Health Nurs