Table. 3.

Health Problems by General Characteristics and Health Behavior (N=106)

Variables Categories Subjective good health Chronic diseases Musculoskeletal complaints



H UH x2 (p) Yes No x2 (p) Yes No x2 (p)






n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age (year) 30~39 9 (90.0) 1 (10.0) 2.35 (.503) 1 (10.0) 9 (90.0) 10.64 (.014) 3 (30.0) 7 (70.0) 0.87 (.832)
40~49 20 (76.9) 6 (23.1) 7 (26.9) 19 (73.1) 11 (42.3) 15 (57.7)
50~59 29 (69.0) 13 (31.0) 17 (40.5) 25 (59.5) 14 (33.3) 28 (66.7)
≥60 19 (67.9) 9 (32.1) 17 (60.7) 11 (39.3) 9 (32.1) 19 (67.9)
Educational level ≤Middle school 11 (84.6) 2 (15.4) 4.51 (.105) 7 (53.8) 6 (46.2) 5.81 (.055) 3 (23.1) 10 (76.9) 5.20 (.074)
High school 47 (66.2) 24 (33.8) 31 (43.7) 40 (56.3) 30 (42.3) 41 (57.7)
≥University 19 (86.4) 3 (13.6) 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8) 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8)
Monthly income (10,000 won) 100~<200 7 (70.0) 3 (30.0) 0.12 (.941) 6 (60.0) 4 (40.0) 5.11 (.078) 5 (50.0) 5 (50.0) 1.29 (.524)
200~<300 40 (74.1) 14 (25.9) 16 (29.6) 38 (70.4) 17 (31.5) 37 (68.5)
≥300 30 (71.4) 12 (28.6) 20 (47.6) 22 (52.4) 15 (35.7) 27 (64.3)
Work experience (year) <5 39 (78.0) 11 (22.0) 4.92 (.085) 14 (28.0) 36 (72.0) 6.60 (.037) 18 (36.0) 32 (64.0) 9.89 (.007)
5~<10 18 (81.8) 4 (18.2) 9 (40.9) 13 (59.1) 2 (9.1) 20 (90.9)
≥10 20 (58.8) 14 (41.2) 19 (55.9) 15 (44.1) 17 (50.0) 17 (50.0)
Average <52 9 (90.0) 1 (10.0) 1.67 (.279) 3 (30.0) 7 (70.0) 0.43 (.737) 2 (20.0) 8 (80.0) 1.08 (.488)
working hours ≥52 68 (70.8) 28 (29.2) 39 (40.6) 57 (59.4) 35 (36.5) 61 (63.5)
per week
Average vehicle <6 20 (57.1) 15 (42.9) 6.32 (.012) 23 (65.7) 12 (34.3) 14.87 (<.001) 17 (48.6) 18 (51.4) 4.30 (.038)
rotations ≥6 57 (80.3) 14 (19.7) 19 (26.8) 52 (73.2) 20 (28.2) 51 (71.8)
per day
Eating habits Regular 47 (90.4) 5 (9.6) 16.17 (<.001) 11 (21.2) 41 (78.8) 14.55 (<.001) 10 (19.2) 42 (80.8) 11.04 (.001)
Irregular 30 (55.6) 24 (44.4) 31 (57.4) 23 (42.6) 27 (50.0) 27 (50.0)
Sleeping hours Sufficient 50 (84.7) 9 (15.3) 9.81 (.002) 17 (28.8) 42 (72.1) 6.50 (.011) 10 (16.9) 49 (83.1) 18.88 (<.001)
Insufficient 27 (57.4) 20 (42.6) 25 (53.2) 22 (46.8) 27 (57.4) 20 (42.6)
Smoking condition Non-smoker 38 (77.6) 11 (22.4) 1.11 (.293) 21 (42.9) 28 (57.1) 0.40 (.528) 16 (32.7) 33 (67.3) 0.20 (.652)
Smoker 39 (68.4) 18 (31.6) 21 (36.8) 36 (63.2) 21 (36.8) 36 (63.2)
Drinking condition Non-drinker 25 (83.3) 5 (16.7) 8.06 (.018) 7 (23.3) 23 (76.7) 7.88 (.019) 6 (20.0) 24 (80.0) 4.14 (.126)
Low-drinker 18 (54.5) 15 (45.5) 10 (57.6) 14 (42.4) 13 (39.4) 20 (60.6)
How-drinker 34 (79.1) 9 (20.9) 16 (37.2) 27 (62.8) 18 (41.9) 25 (58.1)

H=Healthiness; UH=Unhealthiness;

Fisher’s exact test

Korean J Occup Health Nurs 2019;28:44~52 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2019.28.1.44
© Korean J Occup Health Nurs