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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    Factors Influencing the Turnover Intention of COVID-19 Ward and General Ward Nurses in Public Hospitals

    Bae, Jun-Hee · So, Aeyoung · Chang, Soo Jung · Park, Sunah

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to determine the factors influencing the turnover intention of nurses in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and general wards. Methods: Data were collected through a survey of 340 nurses at seven public hospitals in Gyeonggi Province from October 12 to October 30 in 2020. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The job demand stress of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 63.99±8.05 points, which was lower than 65.77±7.35 points of nurses in general wards. The turnover intention of nurses in COVID-19 wards was 3.24±0.74 points, which was higher than the 3.06±0.67 points of those in general wards. The multiple regression analysis indicates that the factors affecting the turnover intention of the two groups (COVID-19 and general wards) were type of wards (β=-.15, p<.001), age (COVID-19 wards: β=-.37, p<.001, General wards: β=-.40, p<.001), job resource stress (COVID-19 wards: β=.52, p<.001, general indicates: β=.60, p<.001), and clinical experience in present wards (COVID-19: β=.13, p=.021). Conclusion: The results indicate that nurses who care for COVID-19 patients have higher turnover intentions than general nurses and suggests that a decrease in the job resource stress is vital for reducing nurse turnover intentions.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Impact of Nurse Practice Environment, Coworker Support, and Work-Life Balance on Job Satisfaction for Newly Graduated Nurses

    Kim, Eun-Young · Kim, Sun-Hee · Oh, Yun-Kyung

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of nurse practice environment, coworker support, and work-life balance on job satisfaction for newly graduated nurses. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design, and the participants were 118 registered nurses who acquired license within the last 1 year and were working in hospitals. They completed questionnaires through online survey systems. Data were collected from June to July 2019 and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple stepwise regression using IBM/SPSS 26.0 for Windows program. Results: The mean job satisfaction was 2.66±0.70 points on a 5-point scale. Multiple stepwise regression revealed that factors affecting job satisfaction of nurses included age (β=.18, p=.014), nurse practice environment (β=.28, p<.001), coworker support (β=.26, p=.002), and work-life balance (β=.29 p<.001), and these variables explained 39.1% of job satisfaction. Conclusion: These findings indicate that it is necessary to enhance nurse practice environment, coworker support, and work-life balance to improve job satisfaction among newly graduated nurses. These results can be used to help nurse managers develop related policies and retention programs for newly graduated nurses.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Survey on Health behaviors, Work-related Health Problems, and Accidents of Live-line Workers

    Kim, Min Ji · Choi, Eunsuk

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify health behaviors, work-related health problems, and accidents of live-line workers. Methods: The questionnaires were administered to 150 live-line workers in 150 workplaces. A total of 150 questionnaires were collected and 130 were used. Data were analyzed for frequency and percentage by SAS Version 9.3. Results: In terms of eating habits, 62.3% were in the regular-group. Smoking status was 61.5% of smokers and drinking status was 87.7% in the drinking-group. Body mass index was 42.9% for obesity. Most of the workers had problems with sleep. Among the work-related health problems were 98.2% for “upper limb muscle pain”, 92.7% for “back pain”, and 97.2% for “body fatigue”. Among the work-related accidents were 91.7% for “cutting”, 88.4% for “excessive movement”, and 88.3% for “falling”. Conclusion: Safety technology development and effective and efficient work equipment must be used to improve the safety and health of live-line workers. In addition, it is necessary to thoroughly supervise and provide active support for the risk factors and health management to the working environment of live-line workers.

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  • Article 2020-08-31

    Improvement of Infection Control System in Long-term Care Facilities after the Coronavirus Disease Outbreak

    Kim, Dooree · Lee, Mi Hyang

    Abstract : Purpose: COVID-19 infections have been erupting in places of worship, long-term care facilities, and call centers in Korea since January 2020. This study aims to diagnose and present an infection control system solution for long-term care facilities where at-risk elderly individuals are actively engaged in communal life. Methods: We conducted comparative analyses of infection control systems between long-term care facilities and medical institutions respective of relevant laws and this study’s evaluation system. Results: To prepare for future infectious diseases, it is necessary to establish a long-term care facility infection control system and strengthen the standards thereof, to strengthen long-term care facility evaluation standards and to newly establish medical charges for infection control. Conclusion: Systematic procedure fortification and financial support provisions are necessary for infection control at long-term care facilities.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Development of Health Management for Small Business Workers

    Yi, Yunjeong

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to review the status of Health Management for Small Business Workers in Korea. Methods: We reviewed empirical or theoretical literature. Results: 98.8% of all workplaces are small businesses with less than 50 employees, and 79.8% are businesses with less than 5 employees. 65.2% of all workers work at small businesses, and 26.4% work at workplaces with less than 5 employees. Although the disaster rate of small businesses is decreasing every year, it is 7.5‰ as of 2019, which is higher than the overall disaster rate of 5.8‰. In particular, the disaster rate of businesses with fewer than five employees is 11.5‰, which is very high. Small businesses have no obligation to appoint safety managers and health managers. Conclusion: Manufacturing businesses with more than 30 employees and less than 50 employees should have a safety and health agent, but businesses with less than 30 employees have not been managed. Health management strategies for workers at small businesses include strengthening the regulation system, strengthening educational public relations to strengthen the awareness of employers and workers, expanding workers' health centers and expanding financial support projects.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    Influence of Professional Self-concept, Ego-resilience, and Job Stress on Job Performance of Nurses who are Reemployed after Career Interruption

    Kim, Young Eun · Lee, Yongmi

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the influence of professional self-concept, ego-resilience, and job stress on job performance in reemployed nurses after career interruption. Methods: The participants were 207 nurses who worked at hospitals with more than 100 beds located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Gangwon provinces. The nurses had experienced a career interruption of at least one year, and had less than five years of experience at the current workplace. The collected data were analyzed utilizing SPSS 24.0 program and using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Results: The participants’ job performance, professional self-concepts, ego-resilience, and job stress showed significant positive correlations. It was found that the professional self-concept, ego-resilience, and job stress had an effect on the participant's job performance in order, and explained 51.3% of variance in job performance. Conclusion: To improve the job performance of career disconnected nurses, it is necessary to reinforce job stress control, professional selfconcept, and level of ego-resilience.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Development and Prospect of Occupational Safety and Health Education

    Heo, Kyung Hwa · Shin, In Jae

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the past and present status of occupational safety and health education in Korea and to explore future plans for these fields. Methods: We summarized past empirical or theoretical literature. Results: Occupational safety and health education strive to protect workers' health and create healthy workplaces by solving various problems such as workers' occupational diseases and mental health in the rapidly changing occupational environment. For occupational safety and health education to be effectively utilized in occupational sites, a live education that can be applied to the field should be provided. The need for education to explore and develop the ability to prepare for new hazards, including infectious diseases such as COVID-19, has increased. Conclusion: It is believed that the occupational health education element of the new era will be occupational health education. This focus will develop the ability to closely assess and predict the collective, organizational, and personal responses of affected workplaces and the impact of occupational health sciences.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    An Integrative Review on Mental Health-related Quality of Life for the Mental Health Management of Workers

    Ha, Yeong Mi · Han, Sang Mi

    Abstract : Purpose: Despite the importance of mental health-related quality of life among workers, its comprehensive understanding is lacking. This study aimed to identify influencing factors regarding mental health-related quality of life through a comprehensive literature review. Methods: The integrative review method of Whittemore and Knaf was used. Data search was conducted on papers published before September 2020, and RISS, NDSL, and KISS were used for the search. Results: Fourteen studies were selected for analysis. Five factors affecting the mental health-related quality of life of workers were found. Mental and physical health status, job stress, working environment, health behaviors, and other personal and socio-economic characteristics were significant influencing factors. Conclusion: Findings from the review suggest the necessity of developing a customized intervention program to improve the mental health-related quality of life of workers.

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  • Article 2020-05-31

    Influence of Consecutive Night-Shift Work and Working Time on Insomnia among Hospital Nurses

    Shin, Seunghwa · Kim, Su Hyun

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the influence of consecutive night-shift work and working time on insomnia among hospital nurses. Methods: A descriptive correlational research designutilizing secondary data analysis was adopted. Data on consecutive night-shift work, working time, and insomnia were collected from 64 hospital nurses using a Fitbit activity tracker and questionnaires, and analyzed using hierarchical logistic regression. Results: Consecutive night-shift work for more than three days had a significant influence on insomnia among hospital nurses. Weekly working hours also accounted significantly for the variance in insomnia, exceeding the influence of consecutive night-shift work. Conclusion: Development and implementation of proper schedules to control consecutive night-shift work and working time is important to alleviate insomnia among hospital nurses.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Workplace Health and Safety Risk Factors and Management Plan for Female Workers

    Kim, Soukyoung · Kim, Young Taek

    Abstract : Purpose: In Korea, the proportion of female workers among occupational injury is steadily increasing. The purpose of this study was to identify the workplace risk factors that threaten the safety and health of the female workers. Methods: Qualitative study was conducted, using focus group interview. Data were collected from five focus groups of eighteen female workers who were working in the manufacturing, health service, and educational service industries. Results: The seven themes of occupational safety and health risks of women workers are as follows: 1) Workplace with various risks; 2) Sliding, falling, burning, and cutting accidents; 3) Chronically lasting musculoskeletal symptoms; 4) Chemicals that may be harmful to workers; 5) Unprotected infectious disease; 6) Psychological safety accidents(Relationship conflict and emotional labor); 7) Loud, hot, stuffy, scary, and tired. Conclusion: The Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) Act should be rearranged gender sensitively and women's participation in the OSH decision-making process should be guaranteed. OSH education should be properly implemented in the field, and support should be provided for women workers in small businesses. A supportive organizational culture for marriage, pregnancy and childbirth should be established, and the working environment should be provided safely, taking into account gender differences.

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Current Issue

August, 2021
Vol.30 No.3

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524