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    November, 2023 | Volume 32, No. 4
  • Article 2023-11-30

    Analysis of Case Characteristics of Occupational Diseases and Epidemiological Investigation of Healthcare Workers

    Choi, Jihyung1 · Lee, Jihye2 · Lee, Bokim3

    Abstract : Purpose: We reviewed the cases of occupational diseases that occurred in healthcare workers from 2010 to 2019 and the cases of epidemiological investigations conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute for them. Methods: In this study, gender, age, working period, occupational characteristics, and disease characteristics by occupation, which are general characteristics of healthcare workers approved for occupational diseases. In addition, 32 cases of epidemiological investigation of healthcare workers conducted by the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health for the past 10 years (2010~2019) were analyzed. Results: The gender, age, working period, occupational characteristics, and disease characteristics by occupation of medical workers recognized as occupational diseases were all statistically significant (p

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    Long-Term Care Facility Caregivers’ Need to Reduce Physical Burdens

    An, Heelan

    Abstract : Purpose: This study explored caregivers’ support needs to relieve their physical burden while working in long-term care facilities. Methods: Participants were 12 caregivers with more than 10 years of experience working at six long-term care facilities in Gwangju, South Korea. Data were collected through individual interviews conducted between June and July 2023. The results were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Of the four sub-categories and 13 codes, two categories emerged: "need for welfare medical devices" and "need for improved working conditions." Conclusion: Caregivers working in long-term care facilities require support in deploying and utilizing welfare medical devices to reduce their physical burden, along with improving staffing standards and ensuring they receive the proper amount of days off. Therefore, it is necessary to mandate the provision of a certain level of welfare medical devices to ease the physical burden on caregivers and improve the standards for the placement of caregivers in long-term care facilities.

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    The Effects of Musculoskeletal Symptom and Burden Work on Presenteeism among Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit Nurses

    Lee, Young-Joo1 · Yu, Jungok2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of musculoskeletal symptoms and burden on presenteeism among nurses in a gastrointestinal endoscopy unit. Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires administered to 140 nurses working in the gastrointestinal endoscopy unit of a hospital located in Busan metropolitan city. Results: The body part with the most musculoskeletal symptoms was the back (73.2%), and the most common musculoskeletal burden work was "when you have to stand or maintain the same posture for a long time in a lead apron protection clothes.” The factors most related to work impairment were working hours, musculoskeletal symptoms, and musculoskeletal burden, with an explanatory power of 63.3%. Factors affecting perceived productivity were working hours and musculoskeletal symptoms, with an explanatory power of 29.2 %. Conclusion: To reduce work impairment and increase the perceived productivity of nurses in gastrointestinal endoscopy units, various programs and improved working environments are needed that can improve musculoskeletal symptoms and reduce musculoskeletal burden.

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    Factors related to Intention to Work as Home Visit Nurse among Nursing Students

    Hwang, Rah Il

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the present situation and related factors among 3rd and, 4th-grade nursing students on the intention to work as home visit nurse after graduation. Methods: A descriptive quantitative study was conducted using a structured online questionnaire survey from May 26 to July 10, 2023. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and x2 test analysis. Results: Nursing students who intended to be employed as home visit nurse were 26.8%, and working as a home visit nurse right after graduation and 10 years after graduation showed 0.0%, and 41.9% respectively. Factors influencing the intention of nursing students to work in home visit nursing were high awareness of home visit nursing (x2 =10.75, p=.005), interest in home-visit nursing (x2 =70.56, p=.000), and positive image about home-visit nursing (x2 =12.04, p=.002). Conclusion: It would be necessary to strengthen theoretical courses and practicum of home visit nursing care. Also, it would be necessary to develop an extra curriculum to provide various opportunities to encounter the characteristics of home visit nursing work.

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    The Influence of Working Environment on Person-centered Care in Home Care Visiting Dementia Caregivers

    Jang, Doo-Nam1 · Yu, Jungok2

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the working environment on person-centered care for home visiting dementia caregivers. Methods: Participants in this study were 146 caregivers, with the least 6 months of experience working at visiting care centers in Busan, and used a total of 133 questionnaires suitable for analysis. Data were collected from June 9 to July 20, 2023, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression using IBM/SPSS 27.0. Results: As a result of multiple linear regression analysis, organizational factors (β=-.37, p

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    Influences of Positive Psychological Capital, Job Satisfaction, and Social Support on Performance of Nurses in Comprehensive Nursing Care Service Wards

    Lee, Soo Mok1 · Kim, Kyoung-Mi2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to prepare basic data for the development of a nursing intervention program to improve nursing performance by identifying the factors affecting nursing performance in an integrated nursing care service ward. Methods: Participants were 166 nurses who had worked for more than six months in the integrated nursing care service wards of three general hospitals located in B city. Data were collected from July 15 to August 30, 2022 using structured questionnaires and analyzed by T-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression using the IBM SPSS/WIN 25.0 statistical program. Results: Factors affecting the nursing performance of participants were age (β=.58, p

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    Exploring the Effect of Nursing Workplace Spirituality, Job Embeddedness, and Nursing Work Environment on Clinical Nurses' Organizational Commitment

    Baek, Mi Young1 · Kim, Kyoung-Mi2

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of nursing workplace spirituality, job embeddedness, and the nursing work environment on the organizational commitment of clinical nurses. The findings of the study will serveasafoundational resource for designinginterventions to improvenurses' organizational commitment. Methods: The samples of this study comprised 170 nurses working at general hospitals in B City. Data were analyzed through the SPSS 25.0 program using ANOVA, t-test, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: The primaryfactors impactingparticipants' organizational commitment were nursing workplace spirituality (β=.388, p

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    Impact of Work Environment and Organizational Justice on Job Satisfaction among General Hospital Nurses

    Kim, Se Young1 · Yoon, Yeon Ok2 · Ha, Young Suk3 · Kim, Eun Jeong4 · Song, Bo Gyeong5 · Song, Seong Min6

    Abstract : Purpose: This study investigated the impact of nurse practice environment and organizational justice on nurses’job satisfaction. Methods: We identified the factors between nursing work environment and organizational justice to job satisfaction for 189 nurses working at a general hospital in city C. Data were collected from June 1st to 15th, 2023, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple stepwise regression, using IBM/SPSS 27.0 for the Windows program. Results: The mean job satisfaction was 3.24±0.55 points on a 5-point scale. Multiple stepwise regression revealed that the factors affecting nurses’job satisfaction included nursing foundations for quality of care (β=.26, p=.005), staffing and resource adequacy (β=.40, p

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  • Article 2023-11-30

    Pre and Post Covid-19 Changes in Depression Scores by Employment Type, and Its Influencing Factors: Using the 12th~17th Data of the Korea Welfare Panel

    Kim, Juhye1 · Heo, Kyunghwa2 · Jung, Jinwook3

    Abstract : Purpose: This study uses data from the 12th~17th Korea Welfare Panel (2017~2022) to analyze changes in depression scores due to the COVID-19 outbreak and the factors that influenced depression scores according to employment type. Methods: The difference in depression scores according to employment types before COVID-19 (12th~14th) and after COVID-19 (15th~17th) was analyzed. A fixed-effect model analysis was conducted before and after the occurrence of COVID-19. Results: After the outbreak of COVID-19, job satisfaction and family life satisfaction influenced the depression scores of regular wage workers. After the outbreak of COVID-19, annual income, health status, and satisfaction with family life affected the depression scores of non-regular wage workers. After the outbreak of COVID-19, leisure life satisfaction and family relationship satisfaction influenced the depression scores of self-employed. Self-esteem played a role as a control variable in lowering the depression scores of regular and non-regular workers, but did not play a role as a control variable for self-employed. Conclusion: Rather than the direct impact of infectious diseases such as COVID-19, social and economic changes resulting from policies implemented to prevent the spread affect workers' depression, and the impact varies depending on the type of employment. When implementing policies to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in the future, policies that take employment type into consideration rather than uniform policies should be prepared, and measures for mental health also need to be prepared.

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November, 2023
Vol.32 No.4

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health