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  • Article 2019-11-30

    A Case Study on Workers’ Compensation Approval for a Hospital Nurse’s Suicide

    Yi, Kyunghee · Choi, Seonim · Park, Bohyun

    Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to examine the process from occurrence of a hospital nurse’s suicide to workers’ compensation approval, responses of the parties involved, issues debated during approval deliberations, and significant policy changes resulting from the incident Methods We conducted in-depth interviews with involved parties and collected various documents, including newspaper articles, forum proceedings, and the agency report on determination of workers’ compensation. Content analysis was performed on the collected data Results A Joint Task Force continuously reported its progress and findings through mass media such as newspaper, radio, and TV. These activities exerted pressure on a government agency to conduct an occupational disease review and significantly impacted the workers’ compensation approval. The agency recognized associations between the hospital’s inadequate nurse training and the suicide but did not confirm the excessive overtime and workplace harassment experienced by the nurse as causes of the suicide. This case’s media coverage and impact resulted in a law prohibiting workplace harassment and a hospital system dedicating at least one nurse to training activities Conclusions This incident had a significant social impact as the first case of workers’ compensation approval for a hospital nurse’s suicide. However, the case produced no structural changes in nurses’ working conditions such as heavy workloads.

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  • Original Article 2021-08-31

    Mediating Effect of Organizational Culture Supporting Work-Life Balance on the Relationship between Work-Life Balance and Quality of Nursing Service in Clinical Nurses

    Cho, Jeonghwa

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to confirm the mediating effect of work-life balance organizational culture in the relationship between work-life balance and quality of nursing service for clinical nurses. Methods: Participants included 224 nurses from four hospitals located in D city. Data was collected from 3 to 21 August 2020 using a self-report questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used for analysis. The mediating effect was assessed by Baron and Kenny's three-step hierarchical regression analysis and bootstrapping methods. Results: There were significant relationships between work-life balance and work-life balance organizational culture (r=.45, p<.001), work-life balance and quality of nursing service (r=.18, p=.005), and work-life balance organizational culture and quality of nursing service (r=.34, p<.001). Also, work-life balance organizational culture (β=.32, p<.001) showed a total mediating effect on the relationship between work-life balance and quality of nursing service. Conclusion: The development and provision of programs that can improve the work-life balance and establish an organizational culture that supports it will help improve the quality of nursing services.

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  • Original Article 2021-08-31

    Factors Affecting Turnover Intention of Nurses in Comprehensive Nursing Care Service Wards: Focusing on Occupational Stress, Emotional Labor, and Burnout

    Im, Ji Ah · Ko, Young

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting turnover intention of nurse who work in comprehensive nursing care service wards. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional study. We recruited participants in 5 general hospitals located in Gyeonggi. Data were collected using structured questionnaires. Data of 150 nurses were included in the final analysis. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify the influencing factors on turnover intention. Results: Work in the thoracic surgery department (β=.158, p=.045), Emotional labor (β=.282, p=.004), occupational stress (β=.222, p=.004), and burnout (β=.249, p=.003) were identified as factors influencing turnover intention. These factors explained 39.1% of the variance of turnover intention. Conclusion: The findings suggest that it is important to reduce emotional labor and occupational stress to reduce turnover intention for nurse in comprehensive nursing care service wards.

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  • Original Article 2021-08-31

    Correlation Analysis for COVID-19 Stress, QEEG Stress Quotient, and Coping Style of Face-to-Face Service Industry Employees

    Weon, Hee Wook · Son, Hae Kyoung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to measure COVID-19 stress and the quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) stress quotient and identify the coping styles of face-to-face service industry employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This cross-sectional study administered structured questionnaires consisting of sections on general characteristics, COVID-19 stress, and coping style for stress to 21 face-to-face service industry employees between April 1 and April 18, 2021. The physical tension & stress quotient and psychological distraction & stress quotient were measured in the prefrontal lobe with QEEG. Results: Emotional easiness (r=.62, p=.002) and escape-avoidance (r=.55, p=.009) as a passive coping style were associated with COVID-19 stress, and seeking social support as an active coping style was associated with the left physical tension & stress quotient (r=.47, p=.031). Conclusion: These findings provide evidence regarding the objective status of the mental health of face-to-face service industry employees using both a self-reported scale and neuroscientific indicators, including brain quotients.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    Factors associated with Behaviors that Reduce Exposure to Environmental Hormones among Nursing Students

    Lee, Jungsuk · Bea, Hanju · Kim, HyeJin

    Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to examine the factors associated with behavior that reduces exposure to environmental hormones among nursing students Methods Data were collected from 160 nursing students in D and B cities, using self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0, and the analyses included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient test, and stepwise multiple regression Results Behavior that reduces exposure to environmental hormones differed significantly in terms of the participants’ knowledge about environmental hormones. Behavior that reduces exposure to environmental hormones was negatively correlated with knowledge of environmental hormones, attitude towards pro-environmental behavior, and environmental self-efficacy; these factors were significant predictors of behavior that reduces exposure to environmental hormones, and accounted for 27.0% of the variance Conclusion Environmental self-efficacy was identified as the most significant factor affecting behavior that reduces exposure to environmental hormones in nursing students. Therefore, it is necessary to develop programs to improve pro-environmental behavior and environmental self-efficacy in nursing students.

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  • Article 2020-02-29

    Effects of Sleep Duration and Quality on Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Metabolic Syndrome Components in Korean Blue-collar Workers

    Park, Yunhee

    Abstract : Purpose: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of metabolic abnormalities has rapidly increased in Korea. Sleep may play a role in determining its prevalence. However, the relationships between MetS and the duration and quality of sleep are not yet clear. This study aimed to examine the associations between the duration and quality of sleep and the prevalence of MetS. Methods: Study participants included 348 Korean blue-collar workers employed by six small-sized companies in Korea. The data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, and logistic regression analysis was conducted to estimate the effects of the factors related to MetS. Results: The multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the independent factors that contributed to the prevalence of MetS were being male (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=4.87, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.58~15.0) and lower sleep quality (aOR=5.12, 95% CI=1.90~14.30). Sleep duration was related to the prevalence of some MetS components, but it was not associated with MetS prevalence. Conclusion: Sleep quality was negatively associated with MetS prevalence when covariates, such as sleep duration, were controlled. When developing a MetS risk- reduction program, focus should be given to sleep quality as well as sleep duration in an intervention for Korean blue-collar workers.

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  • Original Article 2021-08-31

    A Delphi Study on Plans to Revitalize Occupational Health Nursing at Industrial Worksites

    Lee, Young Joo · Noh, Gyeongmin

    Abstract : Purpose: The study aimed to identify plans to revitalize occupational health nursing at industrial worksites. Methods: First, a literature review was conducted to derive the questions. Next, we used the Delphi method with two rounds to obtain experts’ opinions. The 15 expert participants were seven occupational health nurses and eight professors from nursing colleges. Results: The analysis of opinions indicated that occupational health nurses should be competent in clinical nursing care to perform health management and health promotion activities of workers. It is necessary to develop high-quality occupational nursing services that can prevent and manage occupational diseases and work-related illnesses. Moreover, an improved system for stable employment of these nurses should be implemented. Conclusion: This study confirmed that occupational health nursing is an independent and important area for improving workers' disease prevention and health promotion. It will provide basic data for initiating occupational health nursing and expanding the role of the occupational health nurses.

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  • Article 2020-02-29

    Factors Affecting the Job Performance of Occupational Health Manager at the Hospital

    Ji, Sun-Young · Jung, Hye-Sun

    Abstract : Purpose: To identify the importance and performance levels of health management duties, work-related and general attributes of health managers in medical institutions and analyze their impact on the performance of managing health-care related tasks. Methods: This research identified the performance levels of 150 health managers who have been executing industrial health-related duties for more than six months as nurses in medical institutions with more than 30 hospital beds. The variables which affect their performances were then analyzed.Results: The average importance of health care duties was 8.1 out of 10 and 5.5 for performance levels. Multi-regression analysis on the variables affecting performance levels of health managers in medical institutions showed that health managers exhibit higher numbers under the following conditions: over 300 full-time employees, more than 1 year but less than 3 years of experience, positions above section chief level, affiliation to the safety and health department, and high perception of duty importance. Conclusion: Improved cognizance of health manager importance should occur initially; then, health-care center setup, assigning of exclusive occupational health managers, and organizational efforts to improve the working environment in tandem with the provision of educational training programs to improve work quality are necessary.

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  • Article 2020-02-29

    Exploring the relationships between Exercise Benefits/Barriers, Competence, Depression and Wellness in Traditional Market Traders

    Ha, Yeongmi · Lee, Suyeon · Chae, Yeojoo

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between perceived exercise benefits/barriers, competence, depression, and wellness, and then to identify influencing factors on the wellness of traditional market traders. Methods: One hundred eight persons working in a traditional market participated in the study of questionnaire. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. Results: The scores were 2.82±0.66 for “perceived exercise benefits”, 1.84±0.42 for “perceived exercise barriers”, 4.68±1.56 for “competence”, 9.60±7.56 for “depression”, and 3.64±0.64 for “wellness”. Regression analysis to identify factors affecting the wellness of traditional market traders showed that “perceived exercise benefits” was the most significant factor(β=.32, p<.001), followed by “competence”(β=.04, p=.009) and “depression”(β=.17, p=.039). The explanatory power of these variables for wellness of traditional market traders was 53%. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that perceived exercise benefits, competence and depression are significantly related to traditional market trader’s wellness. Therefore, wellness programs should be developed to reduce depression and improve perceived exercise benefits and competence.

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  • Original Article 2021-08-31

    Comparison of the Effects of an App-based and Poster-based Self-managed Workplace Stretching Program on Musculoskeletal Symptoms of Workers in Small Manufacturing Businesses

    Lee, Ryoun-Sook · Chae, Duckhee · Kim, Jaseon

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to compare the effects of an 8 week, self-managed, app-based and poster-based stretching program on musculoskeletal symptoms, flexibility, stretching frequency, self-efficacy, social support, and musculoskeletal disorder knowledge in small manufacturing business workers. Methods: This was a cluster randomized, two-group pretest-posttest design. Workers were assigned to either an app-based (n=20) or a poster- based (n=25) stretching intervention. Both groups received an educational class. The app group also received mobile phone text messages and an app with stretching videos, stretching alarms, stretching records, and information on musculoskeletal disorders. The poster group received workplace stretching posters. Data were collected from April to September 2018 and analyzed with the X2 test, paired t-test, and independent t-test. Results: There was only a significant difference in social support. Significant increase in flexibility and musculoskeletal symptoms were noted for both groups, but social support and musculoskeletal disorder knowledge were significantly changed only in the poster group. More than half of the workers practiced stretching at least 3 times a week. Conclusion: The 8 week, self-managed, workplace stretching program was effective to increase flexibility and stretching frequency to at least 3 times a week. However, effective interventions for musculoskeletal symptoms could not be identified.

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Current Issue

August, 2021
Vol.30 No.3

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524