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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Differences in the Working Environment and Health Outcomes according to the Employment Type of Delivery Workers

    Kim, Mu Seong · Choi, Eunsuk

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify differences in physical working environments, psychosocial working environments, and health outcomes according to the employment type of delivery workers. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data collected from the Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). Participants were 84 Korean delivery workers. Data were analyzed using the SAS 9.4 Version, x2 test and Fisher’s exact test. Results: Statistically significant differences were found according to the employment type of delivery workers (special types, wage) including “noise”, “vibrations”, “repetitive movements”, “supervisor support”, “colleague support”, “manuals on emotional expression”, “existence of trade union, works council or similar body”. Conclusion: This study suggests the necessity of improving the working environment and health outcomes of delivery workers belonging to special employment types. In developing these, the laws and systems must be reorganized to enable the recognition of delivery workers as wage workers. In addition, delivery companies should be held responsible for managing delivery workers.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Effect of Ingested Caffeine on the Sleep Quality among Shift Workers

    Kim, Hyesung · Lee, Jong-Eun

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of caffeine intake by shift workers on sleep, considering various variable related to the sleep health of shift workers. Methods: A descriptive survey study was conducted with 128 employees who worked shifts. Respondents were surveyed on their of caffeine intake behavior, schedule type, quality of sleep, health promotion behavior, and occupational stress. Differences in their quality of sleep were assessed using the t-test and analysis of variance, while factors influencing the effect of caffeine intake on the quality of sleep were analyzed using hierarchical logistic regression. Results: The average Pittsburgh Sleep Index, Korean Version score of those surveyed was 7.3±3.25, indicating that their quality of sleep was low. On the other hand, their aveage daily intake of caffeine was 1.6±0.99 cups (1 cup =150 mL) and 116.4±77.58 mg/dL of caffeine. When the various variables that could have affected the quality of sleep were corrected, an increase in the amount of caffeine consumed was found to lead to a decrease in the quality of sleep (p=.015). Conclusion: Caffeine intake by shift workers has a significant bearing on their quality of sleep; therefore, such intake should be adjusted to improve their sleep health.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    A Study on Research Trend for Nurses’ Workplace Bullying in Korea: Focusing on Semantic Network Analysis and Topic Modeling

    Choi, Jeong Sil · Kim, Youngji

    Abstract : Purpose The aim of this study was to identify core keywords and topic groups of workplace bullying researches in the past 10 years for better understanding research trend Methods The study was conducted in four steps: 1) collecting abstracts, 2) extracting and cleaning semantic morphemes, 3) building co-occurrence matrix and 4) analyzing network features and clustering topic groups Results 437 articles between 2010 and 2019 were retrieved from 5 databases (RISS, NDSL, Google scholar, DBPIA and Kyobo Scholar). Forty-one abstracts from these articles were extracted, and network analysis was conducted using semantic network module. The most important core keywords were ‘turnover’, ‘intention’, ‘factor’, ‘program’ and ‘nursing’. Four topic groups were identified from Korean databases. Major topics were ‘turnover’ and ‘organization culture’ Conclusion After reviewing previous research, it has been found that turnover intention has been emphasized. Further research focused on various intervention is needed to relieve workplace bullying in nursing field.

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  • Article 2020-08-31

    Integrated Literature Review of Infection Control of Nursing Care Workers in Long-term Care Facilities

    Lee, Mi Hyang · Kim, Dooree

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aims to conduct an integrated literature review of infection control studies conducted by nursing care workers in long-term care facilities in Korea. Methods: Through the domestic search engines RISS and KISS, seven articles were selected by searching for theses and academic journals published in Korea from 2008 to January 2020. Results: In total, six research studies and one intervention study out of seven studies were analyzed. Measurement tools for examining the knowledge and performance of infection-related care workers consisted of skin infection, aspiration pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and hand hygiene. Factors affecting nursing care workers’ infection management performance were infection management knowledge, education level, health status, and importance awareness. Conclusion: This study showed it is necessary to develop a tool that can accurately measure nursing care workers’ infection management knowledge and performance. In addition, it is necessary to develop an intervention program for nursing care workers’ infection control.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    The Influence of Death Anxiety and Terminal Care Stress on Job Satisfaction of New Nurses

    Park, Eun Ju · Seo, Minjeong

    Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to investigate the correlation between death anxiety, terminal care stress, and job satisfaction of new nurses, as well as to identify factors affecting job satisfaction using descriptive correlations Methods This study included 143 new nurses who had 3 to 12 months of experience in terminal care. Data were collected from January to February 2018, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis Results There was a negative correlation between job satisfaction and terminal care stress (r=-.170, p=.043), while death anxiety and terminal care stress were positively correlated (r=.284, p=.001). The following findings demonstrated a significant effect on job satisfaction: lesser the clinical career experience, the lower the job load causing death anxiety and terminal care stress, and the higher the job satisfaction. Furthermore, the explanatory power of these factors was 15.1% Conclusion To assist new nurses within three months of joining in clinical adaptation, it is necessary to provide them with appropriate knowledge regarding terminal care through training, and with counseling opportunities for the psychological burdens they experience while caring for dying patients.

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  • Article 2020-05-31

    The Effect of Integrated Nursing using Cognicise and Neurofeedback

    Weon, Hee Wook · Heo, Gye Young · Kim, Jun Beom · Shin, Ji Eun · Lee, Won Woo · Son, Hae Kyoung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effect of integrated nursing using cognicise and neurofeedback on cognition and α waves among elderly individuals. Methods: This quasi-experimental single group pretest-posttest study included 29 Korean adults aged 65 years or older who participated at a senior welfare center in Y city from February to May 2019. Each integrated nursing session consisted of cognicise (10 minutes) and neurofeedback (20 minutes). Subjects participated twice a week for 10 weeks. Structured questionnaires to assess participants' general characteristics and the Korean version of the Mini-Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (K-MMSE-DS) were applied. Alpha waves were measured using BrainMaster. Results: Following the integrated nursing program, alpha waves improved in F3 (t=2.41, p=.023), C3 (t=3.00, p=.006), C4 (t=2.60, p=.015), P3 (t=2.43, p=.022), O1 (t=2.30, p=.029), T3 (t=3.05, p=.005), T4 (t=2.28, p=.030), T5 (t=2.91, p=.007), Fz (t=2.30, p=.029), Cz (t=2.73, p=.011), and Pz (t=2.23, p=.034). Most subjects experienced improvement in concentration after participating in the intervention. Conclusion: This study provides evidence for the use of a neuroscientific approach including brain wave measurement to improve cognitive health among community-living elderly people.

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  • Article 2020-05-31

    The Impacts of Workplace Discrimination and Violence on Depressive Symptoms among Korean Employees

    Kim, Mu Seong · Choi, Eunsuk

    Abstract : Purpose: This study explored the association between workplace discrimination and violence and depressive symptoms among Korean employees. Methods: Data were obtained from the 4th Korean Working Condition Survey of 2014, which included 21,902 Korean employees. Depressive symptoms were measured using the WHO-5 Well-Being Index questionnaire scales. Results: A statistically significant relationship between workplace discrimination and workplace violence was found, and these two variables were also associated with depressive symptoms. After adjusting for variables such as sociodemographic characteristics, physical risk, and psychosocial working environment, workplace discrimination (OR=1.22, p<.001) and workplace violence (OR=1.69, p<.001) were both significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Conclusion: This study indicates that to promote employees’ psychological health, systems and programs to prevent workplace discrimination and violence are needed. Development of these systems and programs should consider employees’ experiences of workplace discrimination and workplace violence, sociodemographic characteristics, physical risk, and psychosocial working environments.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    Factors Influencing Depressive Symptoms in Public and Private Sector Employees

    Lee, Hae Joon · Kim, Eun Young

    Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to identify factors influencing depressive symptoms in public and private sector employees Methods Survey data on 23,602 workers who had worked in the public or private sector were obtained from the 2014 Korean Working Condition Survey (KWCS). Symptoms of depression were measured using the WHO-5 Well-being Index. Data were analyzed using a x2 test, t-test, and multivariate stepwise logistic regression to determine the factors affecting the symptoms of depression Results First, the prevalence of depressive symptoms was 41.1 % in public sector employees and 43.4 % in private sector employees. Second, the factors commonly affecting depressive symptoms in public and private sector employees were residence area, cognitive demands, development opportunities, social support from colleagues, social support from supervisors, social community at work, job rewards, and work-family conflict. In addition, age, company size, atypical work, ergonomic risks, quantitative demands, emotional demands, influence, and job insecurity were found to be predictors of depressive symptoms unique to private sector employees Conclusion Mental health programs including the employee assistance program (EAP) should be developed and implemented after considering the risk factors affecting depressive symptoms.

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  • Article 2020-05-31

    Development of the Health Promotion Program for the Auxiliary Police based on the PRECEDE Model

    Kim, Young Jin · Song, Mei Ling · Park, Kyung Min

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop of the Health Promotion Program for the Auxiliary Police based on PRECEDE model. Methods: The data were collected from the Auxiliary Police officer in the D provincial Police Agency. The program was developed through analysis of literature review, analysis on the Auxiliary Police’s demand through in-depth interview, and the content validation by an expert group. Results: The program consists group education sessions (7 times, 90 minutes each) for 5 weeks. The program also reflects the concept of quality of life, health promotion behavior, self-efficacy and health knowledge, social support, and availability of resources which are important factors for assessment through PRECEDE. Conclusion: The results may be crucial to develop strategy in order to decrease the disease prevalence as well as increase the participants’ overall quality of life of Auxiliary Police. This is proposed to standardize the Health Promotion Program for the Auxiliary Police.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    The Effect of Providing Health and Safety Risk Information on the Subjective Health Status of Workers: Focusing on Workers using Protective Equipment

    Jhang, Won Gi · Jung, Hye-Sun

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of information regarding health and safety risks on the subjective health status of workers using data from the Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey. Methods: Among the survey respondents, 30,094 people classified as salaried workers, of which 8,513 (28.3%) used protective equipment. Results: Although the majority of workers using protective equipment reported being well-informed about safety and health risks, 15% of them were still insufficiently informed. Multivariate analyses have shown that the subjective health status of workers using protective equipment was significantly better if they received sufficient information. When the workers using protective equipment were classified by the kinds of hazards they were exposed to, the satisfaction of information was also significantly beneficial for the subjective health status of all groups. However, in workers who did not use protective equipment, information satisfaction did not appear to be a significant factor. Conclusion: These results suggest that when providing information on safety and health risks, it is necessary to focus on workers using protective equipment, for whom the effects of the policy are clearly expected.

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Current Issue

August, 2021
Vol.30 No.3

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524