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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Influence of Social Support on the Job Satisfaction of Nurses in General Hospitals: Mediating Effect of Emotional Intelligence

    Jeong, In Ja · Park, Mi Kyung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to determine the mediating effect of emotional intelligence on the relationship between the social support and job satisfaction of general hospital nurses. Methods: The data of 197 nurses in general hospitals located in three different cities were collected for analysis. Collected data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results: The social support of the subjects showed positive correlations with job satisfaction (r=.56, p<.001) and emotional intelligence (r=.42, p<.001). Emotional intelligence and job satisfaction were positively correlated (r=.54, p<.001). Emotional intelligence was found to perform the partial mediation in the relationship between social support and job satisfaction. Conclusion: To improve job satisfaction, an organizational culture which enhances social support may be required as an intervention strategy, and programs should be developed to induce positive emotional intelligence.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Relationships between Self-Esteem, Emotional Intelligence, and Mindfulness of Employees in Large Corporations

    Bea, Hanju · Kim, Hyejin · Lee, Jung Suk

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify influencing factors on the stress of employees in large corporations by examining relationships between self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness. Methods: A hundred and sixty four employees from large corporations completed self-reporting questionnaires during November and December, 2019. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 22.0 using descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The scores were 2.96±0.40 for “self-esteem”, 3.56±0.61 for “emotional intelligence”, 4.01±0.04 for “mindfulness”, and 2.21±0.79 for “stress response”. A regression analysis identifying factors affecting the stress response of employees in large corporations showed that “mindfulness” was the most significant factor (β=-.58, p<.001), followed by “emotional intelligence” (β=-.21, p=.005) and “self-esteem” (β=-.16, p=.009). The explanatory power of these variables for the stress response of employees in large corporations was 48%. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness are significantly related to employees’ stress response in large corporations. Therefore, stress response management programs should be developed to improve self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    Association of Job Stress and Health Promotion Behaviors with Quality of Life among Female Riot Police Officers

    Ryu, Gi Wook · Choi, Mona

    Abstract : Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of job stress and health promotion behaviors with the quality of life in female riot police officers Methods A cross-sectional design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 182 female riot police officers from 5 Metropolitan Police Agencies in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered survey questionnaire that assessed job stress, health promotion behavior, and quality of life in May 2018. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, analysis of variance, and correlation and multiple linear regression analyses, all of which were executed using SPSS/WIN 23.0 and STATA 13.0 Results The level of job stress among participants was moderate, and the mean was 45.25 out of a maximum possible score of 100. The mean scores that emerged for health promotion behaviors and the quality of life were 2.62 (maximum=4) and 56.59 (maximum=100), respectively. Job stress (r=-.380, p<.001) and health promotion behaviors (r=.559, p<.001) were correlated with the quality of life. The statistically significant predictors of the quality of life were job stress (β=-.212, p=.001) and health promotion behaviors (β=.417, p<.001) Conclusion The variables that were associated with the quality of life of female riot police officers were job stress and health promotion behaviors. Therefore, interventions that can enhance job stress management and health promotion behaviors are needed to improve the quality of life of female riot police officers.

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  • Article 2020-08-31

    Effects of Job Satisfaction Interventions in Reinforcing Intrinsic Motivation for Hospital Nurses: A Meta-Analysis

    Ko, Jain · Bae, Hye Jin · Kim, Hyun Yong · Kang, Kyung-Ah

    Abstract : Purpose: Nurses’ job satisfaction corresponds with personal intrinsic value, and is the strongest predicting turnover and job retention intention. This study identified the effectiveness of job satisfaction interventions related to reinforcing intrinsic motivation (JSI-RIM) for hospital nurses. Methods: This study used four core non-Korean databases (Cochrane Library, CHINHL, EMBASE, PubMed), and five Korean databases to search for RCT and NRCT articles published in English and Korean from inception to June 2019. Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3.5 program. Results: Thirteen studies featuring 645 hospital nurses were selected for final analysis. A significant large effect was noted on self-efficacy. The effect size on perceived stress and job satisfaction were moderate; however, the effect on resilience outcomes was not significant. onclusion: This study generated scientific evidence that would facilitate efficient job adaptation for nurses. Additionally, intrinsic factors, including job identity and meaning of work, need to be included in JSI-RIM.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    The Effects of Job Demand and Job Resources on Burnout and Work Engagement of Hospital Nurse Administrators

    Cha, Woo Jung · Kim, Soukyoung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aims to investigate the degree of job demand, job resources, burnout, and the organizational commitment of administrative nurses based on the job demands-resources model. Further, it seeks to confirm the influencing factors affecting nurses' burnout and organizational commitment. Methods: The participants were 188 administrative nurses working at hospitals (one tertiary hospital and six general hospitals) located in D City. The collected data were analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The influential factors of burnout were role conflict (β=.50), job demand (β=.18), job position (β=-.17, team leaders and above), and social support (β=-.15). The regression model had an explanatory power of 59%. The influential factors of organizational commitment were appropriate rewards (β=.59), job position (β=.15, team leader or above), working department (β= .14, referral center and health screening administration department), and social support (β=.18). The regression model had an explanatory power of 59.5%. Conclusion: The results support the job demands-resources model, and interventions should be developed to decrease job demand and provide sufficient job resources.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Effects of Health Disorder Signals on Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Urination Disorders: Focusing on Door-to-Door Salespeople and Women Who have Experienced Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Lee, Wook · Cho, Duk-Young · Choi, Soo-Hyung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study investigated the effects of Health Disorder Signals on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and urination disorders, and the relationship between IBS and urination disorders. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on those who experienced symptoms among door-to-door salesmen and women who visited S Hospital in Busan, and irritable bowel syndrome and gastrointestinal symptoms were surveyed based on the Roman Standard II. Results: The study results showed that the IBS Health Disorder Signal had a significant positive (+) effect on the IBS. It was also found that the Health Disorder Signal of urination disorders showed a certain pattern of urination disorders on the back of the hand. IBS was also found to have a significant positive (+) effect on urination disorders (Health Disorder Signals of urination disorders, urination disorders). Conclusion: First, this study is Korea's first attempt at understanding Health Disorder Signals, and it is of great help in conducting a wide range of studies on such Health Disorder Signals in the future. Second, it is a surprising result confirming that bowel disease can have a direct effect on urination disorders.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    The Effects of Operating Room Nurses’ Perceptions of Organizational Health, Safety Climate, and the Nursing Working Environment on Engagement in Patient Safety Management Activities

    Kim, Mi Ra · Kwon, Myung Soon

    Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to examine the relationship between organizational health (OH), safety climate (SC), the nursing working environment (NWE), and engagement in patient safety management activities (PSMA) among operating room nurses and identify the factors that predict engagement in PSMA Methods From August 10th to 25th, 2018, 176 operating room nurses who were working in tertiary and general hospitals responded to a structured questionnaire. Using SPSS/WIN 25.0, the collected data were subjected to independent-samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Scheffé test, and Pearson’s correlational and multiple stepwise regression analyses Results OH and SC were significantly correlated with engagement in PSMA. The factors that predicted engagement in PSMA were OH, NWE, participation in accreditation, years of work experience, and hospital size; together, they explained 17% of the variance in engagement in PSMA Conclusion This study revealed that OH has a significant influence on engagement in PSMA among operating room nurses. Therefore, hospitals should aim to create healthy working environments to promote engagement in PSMA among operating room nurses, actively delegate responsibilities to increase their level of participation in accreditation, and implement strategies that maintain high levels of nurse retention.

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  • Article 2019-11-30

    Influence of Job Stress, Compassion Satisfaction and Resilience on Depression of Nurses

    Jeong, Ju-Ri · Shin, So Young

    Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to identify the influence of job stress, compassion satisfaction, and resilience on depression of nurses Methods One hundred seventy six nurses working at one tertiary hospital in one metropolitan city were included. The data collection was conducted from September 1st to October 1st, 2018, using a structured, self-reported questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple regression Results The M±SD age of 170 subjects was 29.62±5.59. Depression had significant negative correlations with compassion satisfaction (r=-.50, p<.001) and resilience (r=-.56, p<.001), and a positive correlation with job stress (r=.42, p<.001). In the multiple regression analysis, marital status (β=-.15, p=.015), job stress (β=-.00, p<.001) and resilience (β=-5.47, p<.001) had a significant effect on depression. The explanatory power of the subject’s marital status, leisure life, job stress, compassion satisfaction, and resilience on depression was 44.1% (F=27.62, p<.001) Conclusion The study results showed that single status, low job stress, high resilience may decrease depression of nurses. Reducing job stress and improving resilience of nurses will virtually contribute to reduce their depression that can influence on not only nurses’ health status but also their performance and qualitative caring for patients.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    The Influence of Workplace Violence Experience on Depression among Female Caregivers

    Lee, Su Jeong · Kim, Jinsook

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of workplace violence experience on depression among female caregivers in Korea. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis of data from the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). The study sample consisted of 484 female caregivers. IBM SPSS 25.0 was used for complex sample analysis, which considered sampling the weights of variables. Based on the survey questions, we used complex sample cross-tabulation and the complex sample general linear model (CSGLM). Results: About 10.1% of female caregivers experienced workplace violence. The factors influencing workplace violence experience on depression were organizational justice (p=.048) and illness (p=.004). However, in cases with no violence, the influencing factors were psychological work environment (p=.001), work environment satisfaction (p=.024), and work engagement (p=.004). Conclusion: Caregivers are vulnerable to workplace violence. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a policies such as organizational justice, work environment satisfaction, and work engagement to improve the working environment.

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  • Article 2020-05-31

    Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Coverage and Industrial Accidents among Concrete Mixer Truck Drivers

    Kim, Min Ji · Choi, Eunsuk

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to analyze industrial accident compensation insurance coverage and industrial accidents among concrete mixer truck drivers. Methods: Original data on industrial accidents from 2012 to 2017 were analyzed through descriptive statistics. Results: Industrial accident compensation insurance coverage was 44.6% in 2017. Most concrete mixer truck drivers were affiliated with small businesses. A total of 61 industrial accidents occurred in 2012, 65 in 2014, and 80 in 2017. The major types of industrial accident were falls, slips, and crushes. Conclusion: Because concrete mixer truck drivers are at high risk for industrial accidents, industrial accident compensation insurance coverage and industrial accident prevention should be strongly enforced.

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Current Issue

August, 2021
Vol.30 No.3

Current Issue
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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524