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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Differences in the Working Environment and Health Outcomes according to the Employment Type of Delivery Workers

    Mu Seong, Kim, · Eunsuk, Choi,

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify differences in physical working environments, psychosocial working environments, and health outcomes according to the employment type of delivery workers. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data collected from the Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). Participants were 84 Korean delivery workers. Data were analyzed using the SAS 9.4 Version, x2 test and Fisher’s exact test. Results: Statistically significant differences were found according to the employment type of delivery workers (special types, wage) including “noise”, “vibrations”, “repetitive movements”, “supervisor support”, “colleague support”, “manuals on emotional expression”, “existence of trade union, works council or similar body”. Conclusion: This study suggests the necessity of improving the working environment and health outcomes of delivery workers belonging to special employment types. In developing these, the laws and systems must be reorganized to enable the recognition of delivery workers as wage workers. In addition, delivery companies should be held responsible for managing delivery workers.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Relationships between Self-Esteem, Emotional Intelligence, and Mindfulness of Employees in Large Corporations

    Hanju, Bea, · Hyejin, Kim, · Jung Suk, Lee,

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify influencing factors on the stress of employees in large corporations by examining relationships between self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness. Methods: A hundred and sixty four employees from large corporations completed self-reporting questionnaires during November and December, 2019. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 22.0 using descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The scores were 2.96±0.40 for “self-esteem”, 3.56±0.61 for “emotional intelligence”, 4.01±0.04 for “mindfulness”, and 2.21±0.79 for “stress response”. A regression analysis identifying factors affecting the stress response of employees in large corporations showed that “mindfulness” was the most significant factor (β=-.58, p<.001), followed by “emotional intelligence” (β=-.21, p=.005) and “self-esteem” (β=-.16, p=.009). The explanatory power of these variables for the stress response of employees in large corporations was 48%. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness are significantly related to employees’ stress response in large corporations. Therefore, stress response management programs should be developed to improve self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness.

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  • Article 2020-08-31

    Effects of Job Satisfaction Interventions in Reinforcing Intrinsic Motivation for Hospital Nurses: A Meta-Analysis

    Jain, Ko,1 · Hye Jin, Bae,1 · Hyun Yong, Kim,2 · Kyung-Ah, Kang,3

    Abstract : Purpose: Nurses’ job satisfaction corresponds with personal intrinsic value, and is the strongest predicting turnover and job retention intention. This study identified the effectiveness of job satisfaction interventions related to reinforcing intrinsic motivation (JSI-RIM) for hospital nurses. Methods: This study used four core non-Korean databases (Cochrane Library, CHINHL, EMBASE, PubMed), and five Korean databases to search for RCT and NRCT articles published in English and Korean from inception to June 2019. Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3.5 program. Results: Thirteen studies featuring 645 hospital nurses were selected for final analysis. A significant large effect was noted on self-efficacy. The effect size on perceived stress and job satisfaction were moderate; however, the effect on resilience outcomes was not significant. onclusion: This study generated scientific evidence that would facilitate efficient job adaptation for nurses. Additionally, intrinsic factors, including job identity and meaning of work, need to be included in JSI-RIM.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Development of Health Management for Small Business Workers

    Yunjeong, Yi,

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to review the status of Health Management for Small Business Workers in Korea. Methods: We reviewed empirical or theoretical literature. Results: 98.8% of all workplaces are small businesses with less than 50 employees, and 79.8% are businesses with less than 5 employees. 65.2% of all workers work at small businesses, and 26.4% work at workplaces with less than 5 employees. Although the disaster rate of small businesses is decreasing every year, it is 7.5‰ as of 2019, which is higher than the overall disaster rate of 5.8‰. In particular, the disaster rate of businesses with fewer than five employees is 11.5‰, which is very high. Small businesses have no obligation to appoint safety managers and health managers. Conclusion: Manufacturing businesses with more than 30 employees and less than 50 employees should have a safety and health agent, but businesses with less than 30 employees have not been managed. Health management strategies for workers at small businesses include strengthening the regulation system, strengthening educational public relations to strengthen the awareness of employers and workers, expanding workers' health centers and expanding financial support projects.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    The Effects of Job Demand and Job Resources on Burnout and Work Engagement of Hospital Nurse Administrators

    Woo Jung, Cha1 · Soukyoung, Kim,2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aims to investigate the degree of job demand, job resources, burnout, and the organizational commitment of administrative nurses based on the job demands-resources model. Further, it seeks to confirm the influencing factors affecting nurses' burnout and organizational commitment. Methods: The participants were 188 administrative nurses working at hospitals (one tertiary hospital and six general hospitals) located in D City. The collected data were analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The influential factors of burnout were role conflict (β=.50), job demand (β=.18), job position (β=-.17, team leaders and above), and social support (β=-.15). The regression model had an explanatory power of 59%. The influential factors of organizational commitment were appropriate rewards (β=.59), job position (β=.15, team leader or above), working department (β= .14, referral center and health screening administration department), and social support (β=.18). The regression model had an explanatory power of 59.5%. Conclusion: The results support the job demands-resources model, and interventions should be developed to decrease job demand and provide sufficient job resources.

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  • Original Article 2021-08-31

    Factors Affecting Turnover Intention of Nurses in Comprehensive Nursing Care Service Wards: Focusing on Occupational Stress, Emotional Labor, and Burnout

    Ji Ah, Im,1 · Young, Ko,2

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting turnover intention of nurse who work in comprehensive nursing care service wards. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional study. We recruited participants in 5 general hospitals located in Gyeonggi. Data were collected using structured questionnaires. Data of 150 nurses were included in the final analysis. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify the influencing factors on turnover intention. Results: Work in the thoracic surgery department (β=.158, p=.045), Emotional labor (β=.282, p=.004), occupational stress (β=.222, p=.004), and burnout (β=.249, p=.003) were identified as factors influencing turnover intention. These factors explained 39.1% of the variance of turnover intention. Conclusion: The findings suggest that it is important to reduce emotional labor and occupational stress to reduce turnover intention for nurse in comprehensive nursing care service wards.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    The Influence of Workplace Violence Experience on Depression among Female Caregivers

    Su Jeong, Lee,1 · Jinsook, Kim,2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of workplace violence experience on depression among female caregivers in Korea. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis of data from the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). The study sample consisted of 484 female caregivers. IBM SPSS 25.0 was used for complex sample analysis, which considered sampling the weights of variables. Based on the survey questions, we used complex sample cross-tabulation and the complex sample general linear model (CSGLM). Results: About 10.1% of female caregivers experienced workplace violence. The factors influencing workplace violence experience on depression were organizational justice (p=.048) and illness (p=.004). However, in cases with no violence, the influencing factors were psychological work environment (p=.001), work environment satisfaction (p=.024), and work engagement (p=.004). Conclusion: Caregivers are vulnerable to workplace violence. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a policies such as organizational justice, work environment satisfaction, and work engagement to improve the working environment.

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  • Article 2020-08-31

    Factors Associated with Mental Health-related Quality of Life in Workers

    Young Joo, Lee,1 · Gyeongmin, Noh,2

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the mental health-related quality of life (MHQoL) of Korean workers. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 192 Korean pay workers who worked in the Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province, Korea. Data were collected from May 15 to July 2, 2019, through selfreported questionnaires. The survey had a total of 87 questions including individual, organizational, and psychosocial factors. MHQoL was measured using short form-36 version 1. Data were divided into four domains of MHQoL and analyzed using a hierarchical linear regression model. Results: From the hierarchical linear regression analysis, when the psychosocial factors were included in the regression model, the R2 change in the four domains of MHQoL increased significantly by 19~47%. A common predicting factor associated with the four domains of MHQoL was identified as perceived stress symptoms. Other factors affecting MHQoL showed slight differences in each domain. Conclusion: Based on the study results, it is necessary to monitor the psychosocial symptoms to improve MHQoL of Korean workers. Considering each factor affecting the four areas of MHQoL, workplace-based interventions to improve MHQoL should be provided to workers.

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  • Original Article 2021-05-31

    The Mediating Effects of Mindfulness and Growth Mindset on the Relationship between Occupational Stress and Happiness among Clinical Nurses

    Hyeji, Park,1 · Hyunkyung, Choi,2

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the mediating effects of mindfulness and growth mindset on the relationship between occupational stress and happiness among clinical nurses. Methods: The participants were 220 clinical nurses working in two hospitals in D city. Self-report questionnaires were used to collect the data, which were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, hierarchical multiple regression, and Sobel test. Results: Occupational stress had significant negative correlations with happiness, mindfulness, and growth mindset. On the other hand, mindfulness and growth mindset had significant positive correlations with happiness. Meanwhile, partial mediating effects of mindfulness and growth mindset were found on the relationship between occupational stress and happiness. Conclusion: Mindfulness and growth mindset can play an important role in buffering the negative influence of occupational stress on the happiness of clinical nurses. Therefore, interventions that ease occupational stress and encourage mindfulness and growth mindset are recommended to increase happiness among clinical nurses.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Effects of Health Disorder Signals on Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Urination Disorders: Focusing on Door-to-Door Salespeople and Women Who have Experienced Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Wook, Lee,1 · Duk-Young, Cho,2 · Soo-Hyung, Choi,3

    Abstract : Purpose: This study investigated the effects of Health Disorder Signals on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and urination disorders, and the relationship between IBS and urination disorders. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on those who experienced symptoms among door-to-door salesmen and women who visited S Hospital in Busan, and irritable bowel syndrome and gastrointestinal symptoms were surveyed based on the Roman Standard II. Results: The study results showed that the IBS Health Disorder Signal had a significant positive (+) effect on the IBS. It was also found that the Health Disorder Signal of urination disorders showed a certain pattern of urination disorders on the back of the hand. IBS was also found to have a significant positive (+) effect on urination disorders (Health Disorder Signals of urination disorders, urination disorders). Conclusion: First, this study is Korea's first attempt at understanding Health Disorder Signals, and it is of great help in conducting a wide range of studies on such Health Disorder Signals in the future. Second, it is a surprising result confirming that bowel disease can have a direct effect on urination disorders.

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May, 2022
Vol.31 No.2

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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health