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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Impact of Nurse Practice Environment, Coworker Support, and Work-Life Balance on Job Satisfaction for Newly Graduated Nurses

    Kim, Eun-Young · Kim, Sun-Hee · Oh, Yun-Kyung

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of nurse practice environment, coworker support, and work-life balance on job satisfaction for newly graduated nurses. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design, and the participants were 118 registered nurses who acquired license within the last 1 year and were working in hospitals. They completed questionnaires through online survey systems. Data were collected from June to July 2019 and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple stepwise regression using IBM/SPSS 26.0 for Windows program. Results: The mean job satisfaction was 2.66±0.70 points on a 5-point scale. Multiple stepwise regression revealed that factors affecting job satisfaction of nurses included age (β=.18, p=.014), nurse practice environment (β=.28, p<.001), coworker support (β=.26, p=.002), and work-life balance (β=.29 p<.001), and these variables explained 39.1% of job satisfaction. Conclusion: These findings indicate that it is necessary to enhance nurse practice environment, coworker support, and work-life balance to improve job satisfaction among newly graduated nurses. These results can be used to help nurse managers develop related policies and retention programs for newly graduated nurses.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Effects of Health Disorder Signals on Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Urination Disorders: Focusing on Door-to-Door Salespeople and Women Who have Experienced Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Lee, Wook · Cho, Duk-Young · Choi, Soo-Hyung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study investigated the effects of Health Disorder Signals on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and urination disorders, and the relationship between IBS and urination disorders. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on those who experienced symptoms among door-to-door salesmen and women who visited S Hospital in Busan, and irritable bowel syndrome and gastrointestinal symptoms were surveyed based on the Roman Standard II. Results: The study results showed that the IBS Health Disorder Signal had a significant positive (+) effect on the IBS. It was also found that the Health Disorder Signal of urination disorders showed a certain pattern of urination disorders on the back of the hand. IBS was also found to have a significant positive (+) effect on urination disorders (Health Disorder Signals of urination disorders, urination disorders). Conclusion: First, this study is Korea's first attempt at understanding Health Disorder Signals, and it is of great help in conducting a wide range of studies on such Health Disorder Signals in the future. Second, it is a surprising result confirming that bowel disease can have a direct effect on urination disorders.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Development of Health Management for Small Business Workers

    Yi, Yunjeong

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to review the status of Health Management for Small Business Workers in Korea. Methods: We reviewed empirical or theoretical literature. Results: 98.8% of all workplaces are small businesses with less than 50 employees, and 79.8% are businesses with less than 5 employees. 65.2% of all workers work at small businesses, and 26.4% work at workplaces with less than 5 employees. Although the disaster rate of small businesses is decreasing every year, it is 7.5‰ as of 2019, which is higher than the overall disaster rate of 5.8‰. In particular, the disaster rate of businesses with fewer than five employees is 11.5‰, which is very high. Small businesses have no obligation to appoint safety managers and health managers. Conclusion: Manufacturing businesses with more than 30 employees and less than 50 employees should have a safety and health agent, but businesses with less than 30 employees have not been managed. Health management strategies for workers at small businesses include strengthening the regulation system, strengthening educational public relations to strengthen the awareness of employers and workers, expanding workers' health centers and expanding financial support projects.

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  • Original Article 2021-02-28

    Survey on Health behaviors, Work-related Health Problems, and Accidents of Live-line Workers

    Kim, Min Ji · Choi, Eunsuk

    Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify health behaviors, work-related health problems, and accidents of live-line workers. Methods: The questionnaires were administered to 150 live-line workers in 150 workplaces. A total of 150 questionnaires were collected and 130 were used. Data were analyzed for frequency and percentage by SAS Version 9.3. Results: In terms of eating habits, 62.3% were in the regular-group. Smoking status was 61.5% of smokers and drinking status was 87.7% in the drinking-group. Body mass index was 42.9% for obesity. Most of the workers had problems with sleep. Among the work-related health problems were 98.2% for “upper limb muscle pain”, 92.7% for “back pain”, and 97.2% for “body fatigue”. Among the work-related accidents were 91.7% for “cutting”, 88.4% for “excessive movement”, and 88.3% for “falling”. Conclusion: Safety technology development and effective and efficient work equipment must be used to improve the safety and health of live-line workers. In addition, it is necessary to thoroughly supervise and provide active support for the risk factors and health management to the working environment of live-line workers.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    An Integrative Review on Mental Health-related Quality of Life for the Mental Health Management of Workers

    Ha, Yeong Mi · Han, Sang Mi

    Abstract : Purpose: Despite the importance of mental health-related quality of life among workers, its comprehensive understanding is lacking. This study aimed to identify influencing factors regarding mental health-related quality of life through a comprehensive literature review. Methods: The integrative review method of Whittemore and Knaf was used. Data search was conducted on papers published before September 2020, and RISS, NDSL, and KISS were used for the search. Results: Fourteen studies were selected for analysis. Five factors affecting the mental health-related quality of life of workers were found. Mental and physical health status, job stress, working environment, health behaviors, and other personal and socio-economic characteristics were significant influencing factors. Conclusion: Findings from the review suggest the necessity of developing a customized intervention program to improve the mental health-related quality of life of workers.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Influence of Social Support on the Job Satisfaction of Nurses in General Hospitals: Mediating Effect of Emotional Intelligence

    Jeong, In Ja · Park, Mi Kyung

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to determine the mediating effect of emotional intelligence on the relationship between the social support and job satisfaction of general hospital nurses. Methods: The data of 197 nurses in general hospitals located in three different cities were collected for analysis. Collected data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results: The social support of the subjects showed positive correlations with job satisfaction (r=.56, p<.001) and emotional intelligence (r=.42, p<.001). Emotional intelligence and job satisfaction were positively correlated (r=.54, p<.001). Emotional intelligence was found to perform the partial mediation in the relationship between social support and job satisfaction. Conclusion: To improve job satisfaction, an organizational culture which enhances social support may be required as an intervention strategy, and programs should be developed to induce positive emotional intelligence.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Relationships between Self-Esteem, Emotional Intelligence, and Mindfulness of Employees in Large Corporations

    Bea, Hanju · Kim, Hyejin · Lee, Jung Suk

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify influencing factors on the stress of employees in large corporations by examining relationships between self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness. Methods: A hundred and sixty four employees from large corporations completed self-reporting questionnaires during November and December, 2019. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 22.0 using descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The scores were 2.96±0.40 for “self-esteem”, 3.56±0.61 for “emotional intelligence”, 4.01±0.04 for “mindfulness”, and 2.21±0.79 for “stress response”. A regression analysis identifying factors affecting the stress response of employees in large corporations showed that “mindfulness” was the most significant factor (β=-.58, p<.001), followed by “emotional intelligence” (β=-.21, p=.005) and “self-esteem” (β=-.16, p=.009). The explanatory power of these variables for the stress response of employees in large corporations was 48%. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness are significantly related to employees’ stress response in large corporations. Therefore, stress response management programs should be developed to improve self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and mindfulness.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Effect of Ingested Caffeine on the Sleep Quality among Shift Workers

    Kim, Hyesung · Lee, Jong-Eun

    Abstract : Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of caffeine intake by shift workers on sleep, considering various variable related to the sleep health of shift workers. Methods: A descriptive survey study was conducted with 128 employees who worked shifts. Respondents were surveyed on their of caffeine intake behavior, schedule type, quality of sleep, health promotion behavior, and occupational stress. Differences in their quality of sleep were assessed using the t-test and analysis of variance, while factors influencing the effect of caffeine intake on the quality of sleep were analyzed using hierarchical logistic regression. Results: The average Pittsburgh Sleep Index, Korean Version score of those surveyed was 7.3±3.25, indicating that their quality of sleep was low. On the other hand, their aveage daily intake of caffeine was 1.6±0.99 cups (1 cup =150 mL) and 116.4±77.58 mg/dL of caffeine. When the various variables that could have affected the quality of sleep were corrected, an increase in the amount of caffeine consumed was found to lead to a decrease in the quality of sleep (p=.015). Conclusion: Caffeine intake by shift workers has a significant bearing on their quality of sleep; therefore, such intake should be adjusted to improve their sleep health.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    Development and Prospect of Occupational Safety and Health Education

    Heo, Kyung Hwa · Shin, In Jae

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to identify the past and present status of occupational safety and health education in Korea and to explore future plans for these fields. Methods: We summarized past empirical or theoretical literature. Results: Occupational safety and health education strive to protect workers' health and create healthy workplaces by solving various problems such as workers' occupational diseases and mental health in the rapidly changing occupational environment. For occupational safety and health education to be effectively utilized in occupational sites, a live education that can be applied to the field should be provided. The need for education to explore and develop the ability to prepare for new hazards, including infectious diseases such as COVID-19, has increased. Conclusion: It is believed that the occupational health education element of the new era will be occupational health education. This focus will develop the ability to closely assess and predict the collective, organizational, and personal responses of affected workplaces and the impact of occupational health sciences.

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  • Article 2020-11-30

    A Concept Analysis on Learning Transfer in Nursing Using the Hybrid Model

    Son, Hae Kyoung · Kim, Hyo Jin · Kim, Dong Hee

    Abstract : Purpose: This study aimed to define and clarify learning transfer in nursing. Methods: This study used a hybrid model to analyze the concept of learning transfer in nursing through three phases. For the theoretical phase, learning transfer attributes were identified through a scoping literature review. In the fieldwork phase, in-depth focus group interviews were conducted to develop attributes. Purposive sampling was performed with ten participants(five nursing students, two nurses, three nursing faculty members). In the analysis phase, the attributes and final analysis of learning transfer in nursing were extracted and integrated from the previous two phases. Results: According to the analysis, learning transfer was represented in two dimensions with eight attributes. The development of competency dimension had three attributes: 1) theory acquisition, nursing skills, professional attitude, 2) integration, and 3) analysis competency. The competency change dimension had five attributes: 1) appropriateness in patient care, 2) proficiency in patient care, 3) satisfaction, 4) achievement, and 5) confidence. Conclusion: The concept analysis might provide a basic understanding of learning transfer, a development framework toward a measurement of nursing learning transfer and effective educational nursing strategies.

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Current Issue

February, 2021
Vol.30 No.1

Current Issue
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JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
ISSN(Print) 0374-4884 ISSN(Online) 1976-8524